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Keefe, Jeffrey – Economic Policy Institute, 2018
In light of the Pennsylvania's most recent pension cuts and the challenges the state faces in attracting and retaining qualified teachers, this report asks two primary questions in this study: (1) How does teacher pay compare with the pay of other comparable workers in Pennsylvania--that is, are Pennsylvania public school teachers underpaid (which…
Descriptors: Compensation (Remuneration), Retirement Benefits, State Legislation, Teacher Shortage
Canadian Association of University Teachers, 2011
There has been a long-standing concern amongst policymakers, economists, and trade unions over the persistent earnings gap between men and women in the Canadian labour market. Although this gap has narrowed over time, women's average hourly wages still remain about 16% lower than that earned by men. The reasons for this inequality in male and…
Descriptors: Females, Academic Rank (Professional), Womens Education, Foreign Countries
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Saari, Mélanie L.; Wood, Eileen; Wood, Katherine – Journal of Financial Counseling and Planning, 2017
Work and negotiation experiences were examined among early adolescents (12-15 years) through a survey (N = 157) and follow-up interview (N = 89) conducted in two Canadian cities. Key findings, based on a mixed-method research approach, were (a) gifts were the primary income source; (b) females completed more chores than males, and younger…
Descriptors: Employment, Compensation (Remuneration), Comparable Worth, Early Adolescents
American Association of University Women, 2014
It's been said that men are paid more than women are paid over their lifetimes. But what does that mean? Are women paid less because they choose lower-paying jobs? Is it because more women work part time than men do? Or is it because women tend to be the primary caregivers for their children? AAUW's "The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Gender Discrimination, Comparable Worth, Salary Wage Differentials
Roach, Bonnie L. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2014
There is ample evidence that there still is a pay gap amongst men and women and the situation is no different if academia. Many studies have examined various types of gender discrimination in academia and two areas in particular are problematic--salaries and representation of female faculty in upper ranks of academia. This paper examines the past…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Disproportionate Representation, Gender Differences, Salary Wage Differentials
American Association of University Women, 2012
Fifty years after the passage of the Equal Pay Act of 1963, women continue to be paid less than men in nearly every occupation. Because pay is a fundamental part of everyday life, enabling individuals to support themselves and their families, the pay gap evokes passionate debate. Although the data confirming the persistence of the pay gap are…
Descriptors: Salary Wage Differentials, Gender Differences, College Graduates, Debt (Financial)
Meyers, Laura E. – ProQuest LLC, 2011
This study investigates faculty gender pay equity in higher education. Using data from the 2004 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty and drawing on human capital theory, structural theory, and the theory of comparable worth, this study uses cross-classified random effects modeling to explore what factors may be contributing to the pay…
Descriptors: Salary Wage Differentials, Higher Education, Women Faculty, Teacher Salaries
Corbett, Christianne; Hill, Catherine – American Association of University Women, 2012
Women are paid significantly less than men are in nearly every occupation. Because pay equity affects women and their families in all walks of life, it is not surprising that many women consider the issue important. For more than 130 years, the American Association of University Women (AAUW) has advocated for gender equity in education and the…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Gender Differences, Income, Employment
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Renard, Monika K. – Journal of Management Education, 2008
Can you name 20 influences on pay that could cause a difference in earnings between two ostensibly equal employees? This short, involving exercise can be used to illustrate the numerous influences that affect how employees' pay is determined, for example, education, experience required for the job, supply and demand, company size, seniority, and…
Descriptors: Employees, Supply and Demand, Organization Size (Groups), Salaries
Dey, Judy Goldberg; Hill, Catherine – American Association of University Women Educational Foundation, 2007
Women have made remarkable gains in education during the past three decades, yet these achievements have resulted in only modest improvements in pay equity. The gender pay gap has become a fixture of the U.S. workplace and is so ubiquitous that many simply view it as normal. "Behind the Pay Gap" examines the gender pay gap for college graduates.…
Descriptors: Employed Women, College Graduates, Comparable Worth, Gender Differences
Scully, Maura King – CURRENTS, 2011
Advancement is a women-dominated profession. The numbers say so: Approximately two-thirds of Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) members are women, and one-third are men. What does this mean for women and the advancement profession as a whole? As anyone who has ever analyzed statistics can tell, it depends. The numbers…
Descriptors: Females, Gender Differences, Disproportionate Representation, Women Administrators
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Porter, Stephen R.; Toutkoushian, Robert K.; Moore, John V., III – Review of Higher Education, 2008
The national media and academic journals have reported a sizable wage gap between men and women in academe--a gap that has persisted over time. Data from the National Center for Education Statistics for 2004-2005 show that the average salary for all male faculty ($69,337) exceeded the average salary for female faculty ($56,926) by almost 22%.…
Descriptors: Wages, Women Faculty, Labor Market, Gender Discrimination
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McDonald, Judith A.; Thornton, Robert J. – Journal of Human Resources, 2007
We analyze the female-male gap in starting-salary offers for new college graduates using data from the annual surveys of the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE), unique (and proprietary) data that have not previously been used for this purpose. A major advantage of working with a data set on salaries for new college graduates is…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Gender Differences, Wages, Salaries
Frechette, Julie – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2009
Although gender discrimination in all of its manifestations is often thought to be absent from higher education, academic institutions are hierarchical organizations that offer rewards, status and privilege, thereby rendering the status of women within these institutions politically and economically vulnerable. With each generation of female…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Organizational Culture, Administrative Organization, Power Structure
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Jackson, Linda A. – Journal of Social Issues, 1989
Discusses how gender differences in the value of pay, based on relative deprivation theory, explain women's paradoxical contentment with lower wages. Presents a model of pay satisfaction to integrate value-based and comparative-referent explanations of the relationship between gender and pay satisfaction. Discusses economic approaches to the…
Descriptors: Comparable Worth, Cultural Influences, Economic Factors, Employed Women
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