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Williams, Melissa J.; Paluck, Elizabeth Levy; Spencer-Rodgers, Julie – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2010
We present the first empirical investigation of why men are assumed to earn higher salaries than women (the "salary estimation effect"). Although this phenomenon is typically attributed to conscious consideration of the national wage gap (i.e., real inequities in salary), we hypothesize instead that it reflects differential, automatic economic…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Salary Wage Differentials, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences