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Hogue, Mary; Dubois, Cathy L. Z.; Fox-Cardamone, Lee – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2010
Because pay expectations play a role in the persistent gender pay gap, we surveyed 435 undergraduate students to examine the impacts of gender, job intentions, and self-views on the pay expectations of pre-career women and men. Our findings showed a gender gap in which women expected to be paid less than men expected to be paid at the beginning…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Females, Self Efficacy, Gender Differences
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Bowles, Hannah Riley; Babcock, Linda – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2013
Policy makers, academics, and media reports suggest that women could shrink the gender pay gap by negotiating more effectively for higher compensation. Yet women entering compensation negotiations face a dilemma: They have to weigh the benefits of negotiating against the social consequences of having negotiated. Research shows that women are…
Descriptors: Females, Salary Wage Differentials, Employment Practices, Behavior Standards
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Williams, Melissa J.; Paluck, Elizabeth Levy; Spencer-Rodgers, Julie – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2010
We present the first empirical investigation of why men are assumed to earn higher salaries than women (the "salary estimation effect"). Although this phenomenon is typically attributed to conscious consideration of the national wage gap (i.e., real inequities in salary), we hypothesize instead that it reflects differential, automatic economic…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Salary Wage Differentials, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences
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Travis, Cheryl B.; Gross, Louis J.; Johnson, Bruce A. – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2009
This article provides a short introduction to standard considerations in the formal study of wages and illustrates the use of multiple regression and resampling simulation approaches in a case study of faculty salaries at one university. Multiple regression is especially beneficial where it provides information on strength of association, specific…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Salary Wage Differentials, Gender Differences, College Faculty
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Hogue, Mary; Yoder, Janice D. – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2003
Extensive empirical evidence confirms a depressed entitlement effect wherein women pay themselves less than men for comparable work and believe the allocation fair. The present study tests the hypothesis that status subordination linked to being female underlies at least some of this effect. A 2 x 3 design crossed 180 undergraduates' gender with a…
Descriptors: Credentials, Undergraduate Students, Gender Differences, Salary Wage Differentials
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Gupta, Nina; And Others – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 1983
Examines the relationship between employee gender and gender similarity on supervisor-subordinate cross-evaluations and subordinate rewards (N=651). Results indicated that evaluations of women are more positive and opposite-sex evaluations tend to be higher than same-sex evaluations, but men subordinates receive more promotions, and same-sex…
Descriptors: Employees, Personnel Evaluation, Promotion (Occupational), Sex Differences