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Doucet, Christine; Durand, Claire; Smith, Michael – Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 2008
This study examines the gender pay gap among university faculty by analyzing gender differences in one component of faculty members' salaries--"market premiums." The data were collected during the Fall of 2002 using a survey of faculty at a single Canadian research university. Correspondence analysis and logistic regression analysis were…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Recognition (Achievement), Collective Bargaining, Salary Wage Differentials
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Jabbar, Huriya; Sun, Wei-Ling; Lemke, Melinda A.; Germain, Emily – Educational Policy, 2018
A growing body of research examines the role of elite networks, power, and race in the advocacy for market-based reforms and their ultimate effects on students, teachers, and communities of color. Yet, less research explores how such reforms interact with gender in the workplace, especially how policies such as school choice, competition, and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Females, Elementary Secondary Education, Privatization
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Hüttermann, Stefanie; Memmert, Daniel – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2017
Purpose: Visual attention is essential in many areas ranging from everyday life situations to the workplace. Different circumstances such as driving in traffic or participating in sports require immediate adaptation to constantly changing situations and frequently the conscious perception of 2 objects or scenes at the same time. Method: The…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Visual Stimuli, Physical Activities
Hartmann, Heidi; Hayes, Jeff – Institute for Women's Policy Research, 2013
The purpose of this study is to identify the role that higher education plays in employment, earnings, and occupations held by women and men beyond the traditional retirement age of 65 years. The major value of the study lies in its ability to inform policymakers about the working lives of older Americans and about any needed policy changes. Women…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Outcomes of Education, Education Work Relationship, Higher Education
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Maes, Marlies; Nelemans, Stefanie A.; Danneel, Sofie; Fernández-Castilla, Belén; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Goossens, Luc; Vanhalst, Janne – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Social relationships are of vital importance for children's and adolescents' development, and disruptions in these relationships can have serious implications. Such disruptions play a central role in both loneliness and social anxiety. Although both phenomena are closely related, they have largely been studied separately, and important questions…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Anxiety, Children, Adolescents
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Porter, Stephen R.; Toutkoushian, Robert K.; Moore, John V., III – Review of Higher Education, 2008
The national media and academic journals have reported a sizable wage gap between men and women in academe--a gap that has persisted over time. Data from the National Center for Education Statistics for 2004-2005 show that the average salary for all male faculty ($69,337) exceeded the average salary for female faculty ($56,926) by almost 22%.…
Descriptors: Wages, Women Faculty, Labor Market, Gender Discrimination
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Jackson, Linda A. – Journal of Social Issues, 1989
Discusses how gender differences in the value of pay, based on relative deprivation theory, explain women's paradoxical contentment with lower wages. Presents a model of pay satisfaction to integrate value-based and comparative-referent explanations of the relationship between gender and pay satisfaction. Discusses economic approaches to the…
Descriptors: Comparable Worth, Cultural Influences, Economic Factors, Employed Women
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Burke, Penny Jane – British Journal of Sociology of Education, 2007
Drawing on ESRC-funded research (RES-000-22-0832), this article examines the accounts of men participating in London access and foundation programs in relation to their shifting masculine identifications. The author considers how the men's early memories of schooling shape their student masculinities. Their accounts are contextualized in relation…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foundation Programs, Males, Masculinity
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Manning, M. Lee – Childhood Education, 1998
This literature review pays particular attention to research that: (1) focuses on gender differences in mathematics and science achievement; and (2) offers implications for middle school educators addressing young adolescents' gender-specific needs. The review offers a list of recommendations for middle school educators based on the research. (EV)
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Mathematics Achievement
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Jarvis, Pam – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2007
This paper focuses upon the developmental role of rough and tumble (R&T) play with particular attention to the narratives that children use to underpin such activities. A review of the literature suggests that current early years research and practice pays scant attention to children's outdoor free play activities. A piece of original research is…
Descriptors: Play, Elementary School Students, Peer Relationship, Cultural Influences
Wheeler, Justin; Glennie, Elizabeth – Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University (NJ1), 2007
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) has increased concern about the staffing difficulties faced by schools that serve a high percentage of low-achieving students. NCLB requires each student be taught in all core academic subjects by a highly-qualified teacher by the 2005-06 school year. The law defines highly-qualified teachers as those…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Incentives, Academic Achievement, Public Policy
Robertson, Heather-Jane – Education Canada, 2000
Demographic projections concerning the shortage of teachers in Canada, their pay scale, the feminization of teaching, the gender gap in salaries, and teacher autonomy have often been incorrect, or correct for the wrong reasons. Instead of relying on demographic predictions, teachers should contemplate who they really want to be professionally,…
Descriptors: Comparable Worth, Demography, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs)
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Schinke, Steven P.; And Others – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1990
Reviews cancer and other health and behavioral risks posed to American Indian and Alaska Native people by smoked and smokeless tobacco use. Pays particular attention to psychosocial aspects of tobacco use, including influences of cultural, social, and gender-specific factors. Suggests prevention model based on bicultural competence theory and…
Descriptors: Alaska Natives, American Indians, At Risk Persons, Cultural Influences
Taylor, Anita – 1993
This discussion of gender constructs compares them with racial constructs, and examines ways in which language tends to dichotomize or polarize them, and to reject ambiguity as unacceptable. Other curiosities about sexual categorization are noted, including the fact that femaleness is subsumed under the category of "man," which in turn…
Descriptors: English, Grammar, Language Patterns, Language Role
California State Commission on the Status of Women, Sacramento. – 1983
This report presents information from 11 hearings in five California cities on pay inequities affecting many working women. It begins with a general discussion of the wage gap as a persistent fact of life. Causes of differences in male/female pay are considered, including gender segregation in jobs, labor market conditions, employee…
Descriptors: Career Education, Employment Practices, Females, Hearings
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