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Momani, Bessma; Dreher, Emma; Williams, Kira – Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 2019
This article measures gender pay gaps in Ontario's public post-secondary education sector from 1996 to 2016 using the Public Sector Salary Disclosure Data. We find gaps widening among all faculty ranks. Men were paid on average 2.06%, 2.14%, and 5.26% more than their women colleagues for all employees, university teaching staff, and deans,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Faculty, Gender Differences
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Aydin, Utkun – European Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Students' test anxiety is known to have significant influences on essential academic outcomes, and given the increased testing of school-aged children gender differences also appear in dimensions of test anxiety: thoughts, off-task behaviors, and autonomic reactions. This study examined: (i) whether there was a pattern of correlations existing…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, Elementary School Students, Gender Differences, Correlation
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Hurst, Allison L. – Studies in Higher Education, 2019
This paper explores one of the enduring small mysteries of student life -- why do women participate in study abroad programs more than men? To answer this question, original data collected from seniors and recent graduates of a sample of liberal arts colleges in the US were analyzed. Results show an intractable gender gap persisting, even after…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Social Class, Study Abroad, Liberal Arts
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Galbraith, Quinn; Callister, Adam Henry; Kelley, Heather – College & Research Libraries, 2019
This report draws upon two data sets to examine the gender wage gap among member institutions of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL). The first data set consists of 35 years of salary survey data collected by ARL and is used to provide trend data on the gender wage gap from 1980 to 2014 as well as present an in-depth look at the wage gap…
Descriptors: Salary Wage Differentials, Gender Differences, Salaries, Librarians
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Okahana, Hironao; Hao, Yi – Innovative Higher Education, 2019
Utilizing the 2013 "National Survey of College Graduates" (Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System, National Science Foundation, 2015), this study examined three measures of labor market outcomes: annual earning potentials; primary work activity; and education-job match for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics…
Descriptors: Masters Degrees, Labor Market, Outcomes of Education, STEM Education
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Almomani, Zaiad; Al-Hawary, Mohammad; Oudat, Mo'een; Al Okor, Ahmad – International Journal of Higher Education, 2019
The study aimed to identify the effectiveness of sports marketing strategies from the point of view of graduate students in the faculties of physical education at Jordanian universities. The study relied on the descriptive approach, and A questionnaire consisting of (4) areas, including (24) items, was used to collect data after verifying its…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Graduate Students, Student Attitudes, Foreign Countries
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O'Connor, Pat – Policy Reviews in Higher Education, 2019
Global scholarship has documented gender discrepancies in power in higher education institutions (HEIs) for several decades. That research is now supported by wider gender equality movements such as those concerned with unequal pay and sexual harassment. Underlying these is the under-representation of women in senior management and full…
Descriptors: Gender Bias, Higher Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females
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Caz, Çagdas; Yildirim, Mehmet – World Journal of Education, 2019
Health is one of the most valuable things that we can have. The first thing that comes to mind when we think of health is our physical structure. However, mental health is also of crucial importance. In this context, the aim of this study is to examine physical education teachers' health promoting and protective behaviors in terms of different…
Descriptors: Physical Education Teachers, Health Promotion, Eating Habits, Sleep
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Light, Audrey; Rama, Apoorva – Education Economics, 2019
Using a sample of college graduates from the NLSY97, we introduce a new approach to assessing wage benefits of STEM training, STEM jobs, and the match between the two: rather than classify individuals dichotomously as STEM or non-STEM, we measure the STEM-intensities of both their college coursework and their occupational requirements. While the…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Gender Differences, Prediction, College Graduates
Nocivelli, Megan – ProQuest LLC, 2019
Higher Education is facing an increasingly competitive marketplace with high tuition prices, consumers are pushing back on rising tuition prices and choosing community and state colleges. A shortage in the traditional college age student population, has compounded the enrollment problem at small, private colleges. Most private colleges are…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Intuition, Small Colleges, Private Colleges
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Maes, Marlies; Nelemans, Stefanie A.; Danneel, Sofie; Fernández-Castilla, Belén; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Goossens, Luc; Vanhalst, Janne – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Social relationships are of vital importance for children's and adolescents' development, and disruptions in these relationships can have serious implications. Such disruptions play a central role in both loneliness and social anxiety. Although both phenomena are closely related, they have largely been studied separately, and important questions…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Anxiety, Children, Adolescents
Levinson, Meira, Ed.; Fay, Jacob, Ed. – Harvard Education Press, 2019
Teaching in a democracy is challenging and filled with dilemmas that have no easy answers. For example, how do educators meet their responsibilities of teaching civic norms and dispositions while remaining nonpartisan? "Democratic Discord in Schools" features eight normative cases of complex dilemmas drawn from real events designed to…
Descriptors: Democracy, Citizenship Education, Problem Solving, Cooperation
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Feniger, Yariv; Gorodzeisky, Anastasia; Krumer-Nevo, Michal – SAGE Open, 2019
In recent years, education-occupation mismatch has become an important area of social research. However, little is known about its impact on the intergenerational transmission of educational attainment. This study investigates the possible negative consequences of a specific aspect of parental education-occupation mismatch, also known as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Parent Background, Education Work Relationship