ERIC Number: EJ1106561
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Understanding Science Achievement Gaps by Race/Ethnicity and Gender in Kindergarten and First Grade
Curran, F. Chris; Kellogg, Ann T.
Educational Researcher, v45 n5 p273-282 Jun-Jul 2016
Disparities in science achievement across race and gender have been well documented in secondary and postsecondary school; however, the science achievement gap in the early years of elementary school remains understudied. We present findings from the recently released Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 that demonstrate significant gaps in science achievement in kindergarten and first grade by race/ethnicity. We estimate the Black-White science gap in kindergarten at -0.82 SD but find only a small gender gap by first grade. Large disparities between Asian student performance in science as compared to mathematics and reading are documented. Student background characteristics and school fixed effects explain nearly 60% of the Black-White and Hispanic-White science achievement gaps in kindergarten. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Achievement Gap, Longitudinal Studies, Early Childhood Education, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Student Characteristics, Institutional Characteristics, White Students, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, Asian American Students, Predictor Variables, Data Analysis, School Statistics, National Surveys, Surveys, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey