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ERIC Number: EJ899745
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-2445
Parenthood, Gender and Work-Family Time in the United States, Australia, Italy, France, and Denmark
Craig, Lyn; Mullan, Killian
Journal of Marriage and Family, v72 n5 p1344-1361 Oct 2010
Research has associated parenthood with greater daily time commitments for fathers and mothers than for childless men and women, and with deeper gendered division of labor in households. How do these outcomes vary across countries with different average employment hours, family and social policies, and cultural attitudes to family care provision? Using nationally representative time-use data from the United States, Australia, Italy, France, and Denmark (N = 5,337), we compare the paid and unpaid work of childless partnered adults and parents of young children in each country. Couples were matched (except for the United States). We found parents have higher, less gender-equal workloads than nonparents in all five countries, but overall time commitments and the difference by parenthood status were most pronounced in the United States and Australia.
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: cs-journals@wiley.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Denmark; France; Italy; United States