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Halim, May Ling D.; Ruble, Diane N.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Shrout, Patrick E.; Amodio, David M. – Child Development, 2017
This study examined factors that predicted children's gender intergroup attitudes at age 5 and the implications of these attitudes for intergroup behavior. Ethnically diverse children from low-income backgrounds (N = 246; Mexican-, Chinese-, Dominican-, and African American) were assessed at ages 4 and 5. On average, children reported positive…
Descriptors: Child Development, Gender Differences, Group Activities, Young Children
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Menon, Meenakshi; Hannah-Fisher, Katie – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2019
The association between felt gender typicality (self-perceived similarity to the same-gender peer group) and psychosocial adjustment (self-esteem, peer social competence, depression, victimization, and aggression) was examined in a sample of early adolescents in New Delhi, India (N = 296, 130 girls, mean age = 12.73 years). We also explored…
Descriptors: Social Adjustment, Emotional Adjustment, Indians, Victims
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Masters, Stephanie Laura; Hixson, Kristin; Hayes, Amy Roberson – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2021
The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influence the perceived social costs of interacting with gender-atypical peers. Our study examined the relationship between peer processes and gender socialization by exploring situational and individual-level factors that could affect the relationship. Middle school students (N = 107)…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, LGBTQ People, Peer Relationship, Socialization
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Tobin, Desiree D.; Menon, Meenakshi; Menon, Madhavi; Spatta, Brooke C.; Hodges, Ernest V. E.; Perry, David G. – Psychological Review, 2010
This article outlines a model of the structure and the dynamics of gender cognition in childhood. The model incorporates 3 hypotheses featured in different contemporary theories of childhood gender cognition and unites them under a single theoretical framework. Adapted from Greenwald et al. (2002), the model distinguishes three constructs: gender…
Descriptors: Sex Stereotypes, Children, Sexual Identity, Socialization
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Zehner, Fabian; Goldhammer, Frank; Sälzer, Christine – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2018
Background: The gender gap in reading literacy is repeatedly found in large-scale assessments. This study compared girls' and boys' text responses in a reading test applying natural language processing. For this, a theoretical framework was compiled that allows mapping of response features to the preceding cognitive components such as micro- and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Gender Differences, Reader Response, Reader Text Relationship
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Sato, Sayaka; Casaponsa, Aina; Athanasopoulos, Panos – Cognitive Science, 2020
A growing body of recent research suggests that verbal categories, particularly labels, impact categorization and perception. These findings are commonly interpreted as demonstrating the involvement of language on cognition; however, whether these assumptions hold true for grammatical structures has yet to be investigated. In the present study, we…
Descriptors: French, English, Bilingualism, Monolingualism
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Hamann, Kerstin; Pilotti, Maura A. E.; Wilson, Bruce M. – Education Sciences, 2021
Existing research has identified gender as a driving variable of student success in higher education: women attend college at a higher rate and are also more successful than their male peers. We build on the extant literature by asking whether specific cognitive variables (i.e., self-efficacy and causal attribution habits) distinguish male and…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Attribution Theory, Gender Differences, Academic Achievement
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Field, Ryan D.; Martin, Carol Lynn; Andrews, Naomi C. Z.; England, Dawn E.; Zosuls, Kristina M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
The goal was to assess the role of children's social cognitions about peers in attitudes toward school. Because of gender segregation, we differentiated children's cognitions about same-gender and other-gender peers. We examined the influence of gender-based relationship efficacy for both own-gender and other-gender peers (GBRE-Own and GBRE-Other)…
Descriptors: School Attitudes, Social Cognition, Gender Differences, Peer Relationship
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Rivers, Michelle L.; Fitzsimmons, Charles J.; Fisk, Susan R.; Dunlosky, John; Thompson, Clarissa A. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Prior research has found gender differences in spatial tasks in which men perform better, and are more confident, than women. Do gender differences also occur in people's confidence as they perform number-line estimation, a common spatial-numeric task predictive of math achievement? To investigate this question, we analyzed outcomes from six…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Spatial Ability, Number Concepts, Computation
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Sedlmeier, Peter; Tipandjan, Arun; Jänchen, Anastasia – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
Does the language we speak shape the way we think? The present research concentrated on the impact of grammatical gender on cognition and examined the persistence of the grammatical gender effect by (a) concentrating on German, a three-gendered language, for which previous results have been inconsistent, (b) statistically controlling for common…
Descriptors: Grammar, German, Dravidian Languages, Contrastive Linguistics
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Lei, Xiaoyan; Hu, Yuqing; McArdle, John J.; Smith, James P.; Zhao, Yaohui – Journal of Human Resources, 2012
In this paper, we model gender differences in cognitive ability in China using a new sample of middle-aged and older Chinese respondents. Modeled after the American Health and Retirement Study (HRS), the CHARLS Pilot survey respondents are 45 years and older in two quite distinct provinces--Zhejiang, a high-growth industrialized province on the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Incentives, Foreign Countries, Schemata (Cognition)
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Zosuls, Kristina M.; Ruble, Diane N.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S. – Child Development, 2014
This article advances a self-socialization perspective demonstrating that children's understanding of "both" gender categories represents an intergroup cognition that is foundational to the development of gender-stereotyped play. Children's (N = 212) gender category knowledge was assessed at 24 months and play was observed at…
Descriptors: Socialization, Immigrants, Mexican Americans, Toddlers
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Sullivan, L.; Pursell, L.; Molcho, M. – Health Education Research, 2018
Concussion education is an important aspect of concussion prevention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a novel, theory of planned behavior (TPB)-driven concussion education program on secondary school athletes' concussion-reporting relevant cognitions immediately post-intervention and at 3 months follow-up. Data were…
Descriptors: Head Injuries, Prevention, Health Education, Health Promotion
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Komesidou, Rouzana; Brady, Nancy C.; Fleming, Kandace; Esplund, Amy; Warren, Steven F. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: This research explored syntactic growth in children with fragile X syndrome (FXS) over a 5-year period, and variability in growth in relation to autism symptoms, nonverbal cognition, maternal responsivity, and gender. Method: Language samples at 4 time points from 39 children with FXS, 31 boys and 8 girls, were analyzed using the Index of…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Syntax, Scores, Mothers
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Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Leaper, Campbell – Developmental Psychology, 2002
Used meta-analysis to examine relationship of parents' gender schemas and their offspring's gender-related cognitions, with samples ranging in age from infancy through early adulthood. Found a small but meaningful effect size (r=.16) indicating a positive correlation between parent gender schema and offspring measures. Effect sizes were influenced…
Descriptors: Adult Children, Age Differences, Attitudes, Children
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