ERIC Number: EJ759290
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: N/A
Gasoline Prices and Motor Vehicle Fatalities
Grabowski, David C.; Morrisey, Michael A.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v23 n3 p575-593 Sum 2004
Fatal motor vehicle crashes per capita remained relatively stable over the 1990s, in spite of new traffic safety laws and vehicle innovations. One explanation for this stability is that the price of gasoline declined, which resulted in more vehicle miles traveled and potentially more fatalities. By using 1983-2000 monthly gasoline price and fatality panel data and fixed effects specifications, this study exploits within-state variation over time in gasoline prices and found that a 10-cent decrease in gasoline prices increased motor vehicle fatalities by 2.3 percent over a 2-year period. The effect on higher-risk younger adults is more than twice as large. The secular decline in real gasoline prices over the 1990s may partially explain why motor vehicle fatalities per capita have not decreased even with the adoption of more stringent state policies.
Descriptors: Motor Vehicles, Fuels, Traffic Safety, Mortality Rate, Influences, Age Differences, Costs, Fuel Consumption, Young Adults, Accident Prevention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A