ERIC Number: EJ1084495
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Impact of North Carolina's Early Childhood Initiatives on Special Education Placements in Third Grade
Muschkin, Clara G.; Ladd, Helen F.; Dodge, Kenneth A.
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, v37 n4 p478-500 Dec 2015
This study examines the community-wide effects of investments in two early childhood initiatives in North Carolina (Smart Start and More at Four) on the likelihood of a student being placed into special education. We take advantage of variation across North Carolina counties and years in the timing of the introduction and funding levels of the two programs to identify their effects on third-grade outcomes. We find that both programs significantly reduce the likelihood of special education placement in the third grade, resulting in considerable cost savings to the state. The effects of the two programs differ across categories of disability, but do not vary significantly across subgroups of children identified by race, ethnicity, and maternal education levels.
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Special Education, Student Placement, Grade 3, Program Effectiveness, Probability, Disabilities, Early Intervention, Federal Legislation, Equal Education, Educational Legislation, State Legislation, Student Characteristics, Institutional Characteristics, Classification, Student Records, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Grade 3; Primary Education; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act