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Rosenzweig, Emily Q.; Harackiewicz, Judith M.; Hecht, Cameron A.; Priniski, Stacy J.; Canning, Elizabeth A.; Tibbetts, Yoi; Asher, Michael W.; Hyde, Janet S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2021
This study examined whether students who left biomedical fields of study during college did so primarily because they became disenchanted with those fields or because they felt attracted to alternative fields of study. We identified 1,193 students intending to pursue biomedical fields of study early in college, collected data about their beliefs…
Descriptors: Biomedicine, STEM Education, Introductory Courses, Student Attrition
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Mix, Kelly S.; Levine, Susan C.; Cheng, Yi-Ling; Stockton, Jerri DaSha; Bower, Corinne – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2021
A pretest-training-posttest design assessed whether training to improve spatial skills also improved mathematics performance in elementary-aged children. First grade students (mean age = 7 years, n = 134) and sixth grade students (mean age = 12 years, n = 124) completed training in 1 of 2 spatial skills--spatial visualization or form…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Grade 6, Mathematics Achievement, Spatial Ability
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Rojas, Natalia M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2021
Person-oriented approaches can be used to identify how teachers may draw upon a combination of strategies when interacting with individual children. For nearly 1 third of children under the age of 8 who come from a household where a language other than English is spoken, it is crucial to identify patterns of teachers' use of discourse strategies…
Descriptors: Spanish Speaking, English Language Learners, Language Usage, Interpersonal Communication
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Borman, Geoffrey D.; Choi, Yeseul; Hall, Garret J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2021
Stereotype threat has been shown to have deleterious impacts on the short- and long-term academic performance and psychological well-being of racial and ethnic minority students. Psychological variables related to this identity threat represent significant sources of achievement and attainment gaps relative to nonstereotyped Asian and white…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, African American Students, Racial Bias, Ethnicity
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Little, Callie W.; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Phillips, Beth M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2021
This study investigated developmental trajectories of reading and math using latent-growth-curve analyses across multiple academic skills, measures, and multiple time periods within a single sample. Reading-related growth was marked by significant individual differences during the early elementary-school period and nonsignificant individual…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Mathematics Skills, Skill Development, Elementary School Students
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Quinn, Jamie M.; Petscher, Yaacov – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2021
We investigated the dimensionality of various indicators of reading prosody, and the relations of word reading and listening comprehension to the identified dimension(s) of reading prosody, using longitudinal data from Grades 1 to 3. A total of 371 English-speaking children were assessed on oral text reading, word reading, and listening…
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Oral Reading, Listening Comprehension, Elementary School Students
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Tian, Jing; Braithwaite, David W.; Siegler, Robert S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2021
This study investigated relations between the distribution of practice problems in textbooks and students' learning of decimal arithmetic. In Study 1, we analyzed the distributions of decimal arithmetic practice problems that appeared in 3 leading math textbook series in the United States. Similar imbalances in the relative frequencies of decimal…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Mathematics Instruction, Arithmetic, Problem Solving
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Braithwaite, David W.; Siegler, Robert S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2021
Learning fractions is a critical step in children's mathematical development. However, many children struggle with learning fractions, especially fraction arithmetic. In this article, we propose a general framework for integrating understanding of individual fractions and fraction arithmetic, and we use the framework to generate interventions…
Descriptors: Fractions, Addition, Middle School Mathematics, Middle School Students
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Coley, Rebekah Levine; Kruzik, Claudia; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020
In the face of rising economic and social inequality, American parents increasingly seek to promote their children's academic achievement through provision of enriching learning opportunities. In this study, we hypothesized that parental investments in both home and out-of-home learning resources may partially explain socioeconomic disparities in…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Socioeconomic Status
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Barnes, Marcia A.; Clemens, Nathan H.; Fall, Anna-Mária; Roberts, Greg; Klein, Alice; Starkey, Prentice; McCandliss, Bruce; Zucker, Tricia; Flynn, Kylie – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020
Cognitive skill differences that are apparent early in pre-kindergarten (pre-K) might provide predictive insights into risk for learning difficulties at school entry, particularly around early markers of risk for comorbid difficulties in early math and literacy. Domain-specific abilities (approximate number system or ANS acuity, phonological…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Predictor Variables, Reading Skills, Mathematics Skills
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Scammacca, Nancy; Fall, Anna-Mária; Capin, Philip; Roberts, Greg; Swanson, Elizabeth – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020
Despite focused efforts, achievement gaps remain a problem in America's education system, especially those between students from higher and lower income families. Continued work on reducing these gaps benefits from an understanding of students' reading and math growth from typical school instruction and how growth differs based on initial…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gap, Elementary School Students
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020
We investigated 2 hypotheses of a recently proposed integrative theoretical model of reading, the direct and indirect effects model of reading (DIER; Kim, 2017b, 2019): (a) hierarchical relations and (b) dynamic relations (or differential relations) of skills to reading comprehension. Students were assessed on reading comprehension, word reading,…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Cognitive Ability, Reading Comprehension, Reading Instruction
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Young, Laura K.; Booth, Julie L. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020
Numerical magnitude knowledge is related to current math abilities and predictive of future math learning. However, this relationship has previously been shown only for knowledge of positive magnitudes; the present study is the first, to our knowledge, to examine the connection between magnitude knowledge and math ability with negative integers.…
Descriptors: Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Correlation, Mathematics Skills
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Piasta, Shayne B.; Farley, Kristin S.; Mauck, Susan A.; Soto Ramirez, Pamela; Schachter, Rachel E.; O'Connell, Ann A.; Justice, Laura M.; Spear, Caitlin F.; Weber-Mayrer, Melissa – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020
Professional development (PD) is a potentially important mechanism for enhancing classroom practices and children's learning. In this large-scale randomized controlled trial, we examined the effectiveness of language and literacy PD, with and without coaching, offered at scale to early childhood educators (n = 546) across 1 state. Relative to the…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Phonological Awareness, Literacy Education, Classroom Techniques
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Barbieri, Christina A.; Rodrigues, Jessica; Dyson, Nancy; Jordan, Nancy C. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020
The effectiveness of an experimental middle school fraction intervention was evaluated. The intervention was centered on the number line and incorporated key principles from the science of learning. Sixth graders (N = 51) who struggled with fraction concepts were randomly assigned at the student level to the experimental intervention (n = 28) or…
Descriptors: Fractions, Mathematics Instruction, Intervention, Mathematical Concepts
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