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Lomicky, Carol S. – Journal of Law and Education, 2000
In "Hazelwood" the U.S. Supreme Court said public school officials can censor school-sponsored expression for legitimate educational purposes. A content-analysis case study of student-written newspaper editorials found that more than three times as many editorials of criticism were published prior to the Court's decision. Argues that…
Descriptors: Censorship, Content Analysis, Court Litigation, Criticism
Bernstein, James M. – 1982
The books, newspaper columns, articles, and speeches of Walter Lippmann were analyzed to determine the journalist's First Amendment viewpoints in four periods when national security was an issue in the United States. These periods were (1) after World War I, (2) after the Korean War, (3) during World War II, and (4) during the war in Vietnam. The…
Descriptors: Cultural Context, Freedom of Speech, Journalism, News Media
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Glasser, Theodore L. – 1979
Recent rulings of the United States Supreme Court and other courts have tried to maintain a balance between a free and unintimidated press and some measure of protection for individuals against libelous accusations. The language of recent rulings suggests that the courts are focusing on impartiality and objectivity in reporting as a standard of…
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Court Litigation, Court Role, Federal Courts
Turner, Sally – 1994
The Supreme Court has consistently defended the power of secondary school officials in their role as enforcer, even in cases of expression. In spite of the trends of the late 1960s and early 1970s and the movement in the schools toward more freedoms for students and a more contemporary curriculum--including journalism as a legitimate high school…
Descriptors: Censorship, Court Litigation, Freedom of Speech, High School Students
Goldstein, Robert J. – 1983
In 19th century Europe, the dominant classes detested the idea of a free press, seeing it as a middle and lower class weapon. Although repression of the press in Europe existed long before the 19th century, at this time techniques of press repression fell into two major categories: (1) direct--licensing, prior censorship, and post-publication…
Descriptors: European History, Freedom of Speech, Journalism, News Reporting
Jaehnig, Walter B. – 1978
Because modern terrorism threatens democratic values such as personal liberty, free expression, and the limitation of institutional authority, it raises ethical problems for journalists who are drawn into a symbiotic relationship with those who threaten or use violence against a community. Recent terrorist incidents in the United States involving…
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Democracy, Democratic Values, Ethics
Carter, T. Barton; And Others – 1988
Predicated on the belief that communications students are capable of understanding communications law and the processes that created it, this book examines U.S. Supreme Court opinions on the First Amendment. The book addresses the following topics: 1) the American legal system and freedom of expression (in introductory chapters); 2) defamation; 3)…
Descriptors: Access to Information, Advertising, Cable Television, Commercial Television
Ingelhart, Louis E. – 1986
According to this reference manual, the nation's courts offer public high school journalists the same constitutional protection for expression, free speech, and free press as adults. Part 1 traces the development of the First and Fourth Amendments and explains how these provisions apply to high school publications. Part 2 examines expression that…
Descriptors: Censorship, Courts, Freedom of Speech, High Schools
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. – 1998
The Law section of the Proceedings contains the following 13 papers: "Link Law: The Evolving Law of Internet Hyperlinks" (Mark Sableman); "Bits, Bytes and the Right to Know: How the Electronic Freedom of Information Act Holds the Key to Public Access to a Wealth of Useful Government Databases" (Martin E. Halstuk);…
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Computer Mediated Communication, Freedom of Information, Government Role
McMasters, Paul – Communication: Journalism Education Today (C:JET), 1993
Describes the battle for free expression, especially as it relates to the student press. Describes the effects of the Hazelwood Supreme Court case, which gave principals censorship powers over student expression. Gives specific examples of how this power has been exploited and argues against the decision. (HB)
Descriptors: Censorship, Court Litigation, Freedom of Speech, High Schools
Iowa State Dept. of Education, Des Moines. – 1991
In 1989, the Iowa Legislature created a new code section that defines and regulates student exercise of free expression in "official school publications." Also, the Iowa State Department of Education was directed to develop a model publication code that includes reasonable provisions for regulating the time, place, and manner of student…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Freedom of Speech, Journalism Education, Models
Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. – 1994
The International Media section of this collection of conference presentations contains the following 15 papers: "Testing the Interaction of the Third-Person Effect and Spiral of Silence in a Political Pressure Cooker: The Case of Hong Kong" (Lars Willnat); "The Use of Small State Variables in Research on Coverage of Foreign Policy:…
Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Content Analysis, Developing Nations, Ethnography
Phillips, Kay D. – 1989
A study examined the freedom of the high school press in North Carolina to determine whether publication guidelines should be in place, and if so, what those guidelines should contain. High school newspaper advisors, high school principals, and high school newspaper editors from large and small, urban and rural, eastern and western high schools…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Censorship, Editors, Faculty Advisers
Rosenblum, Warren; And Others – 1989
The purpose of this lesson packet is to raise issues about student rights of free expression in public schools. Included are preparatory reading material and two classroom simulation activities. The lessons are based on the U.S. Supreme Court case of Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, in which a Missouri high school principal and school district were sued by…
Descriptors: Censorship, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Due Process
Jaehnig, Walter B. – 1980
The recent rise in political terrorism has brought to light the conflict between the government's duty to maintain order and the subsequent suspension of the news media's right to report the terrorists' activities to the public. Terrorists recognize that the surest guarantee of publicity for their cause lies in a shocking appeal to traditional…
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Cooperation, Foreign Countries, Freedom of Speech
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