ERIC Number: EJ744465
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Reference Count: 16
Motivation and Physical Activity in Adolescents with Visual Impairments
Kozub, Francis M.
RE:view: Rehabilitation Education for Blindness and Visual Impairment, v37 n4 p149-160 Win 2006
It is found that individuals with visual impairments have levels of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and amotivation that influence their use of free time and lead to adaptive or maladaptive outcomes. As such, inactive individuals with visual impairments, lacking motivation to engage in physical activity, become dependent members of society who rely on others for success in navigating the community (Skaggs & Hopper, 1996). In this study, the author explores differences in free-time motivation scores between adolescents with visual impairments from a residential setting who are at criterion levels of body mass indexes (BMIs) and their fellow students who score outside the healthy zones, using Winnick and Short's (1999) criterion-referenced standards. An assumption of this study is that these individuals have levels of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and amotivation that influence their use of free time and lead to adaptive or maladaptive outcomes. The author also examines whether differences exist in the number of free-time minutes these adolescents who have reached criterion levels of BMI spend at or above moderate levels of activity as compared with the time spent by those who are outside the healthy zones. The author hypothesizes that adolescents who have reached criterion levels of BMI have higher physical activity counts, higher intrinsic motivation scores, lower extrinsic motivation scores, and lower amotivation scores than do participants who scored outside the healthy zones. (Contains 2 tables, 2 figures, and 2 notes.)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Visual Impairments, Self Motivation, Physical Activities, Obesity, Individual Differences, Time on Task, Time Management
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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