ERIC Number: EJ849337
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Early White-Matter Abnormalities of the Ventral Frontostriatal Pathway in Fragile X Syndrome
Haas, Brian W.; Barnea-Goraly, Naama; Lightbody, Amy A.; Patnaik, Swetapadma S.; Hoeft, Fumiko; Hazlett, Heather; Piven, Joseph; Reiss, Allan L.
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v51 n8 p593-599 Aug 2009
Aim: Fragile X syndrome is associated with cognitive deficits in inhibitory control and with abnormal neuronal morphology and development. Method: In this study, we used a diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography approach to reconstruct white-matter fibers in the ventral frontostriatal pathway in young males with fragile X syndrome (n = 17; mean age 2y 9mo, SD 7mo, range 1y 7mo-3y 10mo), and two age-matched comparison groups: (1) typically developing (n = 13; mean age 2y 3mo, SD 7mo, range 1y 7mo-3y 6mo) and (2) developmentally delayed (n = 8; mean age 3y, SD 4mo, range 2y 9mo-3y 8mo). Results: We observed that young males with fragile X syndrome exhibited increased density of DTI reconstructed fibers than those in the typically developing (p = 0.001) and developmentally delayed (p = 0.001) groups. Aberrant white-matter structure was localized in the left ventral frontostriatal pathway. Greater relative fiber density was found to be associated with lower IQ (Mullen composite scores) in the typically developing group (p = 0.008). Interpretation: These data suggest that diminished or absent fragile X mental retardation 1 protein expression can selectively alter white-matter anatomy during early brain development and, in particular, neural pathways. The results also point to an early neurobiological marker for an important component of cognitive dysfunction associated with fragile X syndrome.
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Brain, Developmental Delays, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Genetic Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Cognitive Ability, Child Development, Diagnostic Tests, Young Children, Males, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A