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Showing 61 to 75 of 188 results Save | Export
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Janak, Patricia H.; Corbit, Laura H. – Learning & Memory, 2011
Behavioral extinction is an active form of new learning involving the prediction of nonreward where reward has previously been present. The expression of extinction learning can be disrupted by the presentation of reward itself or reward-predictive stimuli (reinstatement) as well as the passage of time (spontaneous recovery) or contextual changes…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Stimuli, Rewards, Drug Therapy
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Klaczynski, Paul A. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2008
Theories of the development of obesity stereotypes cannot easily explain the stigma associated with being obese. Evidence that important similarities exist between the symptoms of obesity and contagious illnesses, young children have "theories" of illnesses, and obesity stereotypes are among the earliest that children develop led to the hypothesis…
Descriptors: Obesity, Memory, Stereotypes, Children
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Rice, Jeff – Composition Studies, 2011
Walter Ong tells us that the noetic--the rhetorical characteristics of feeling, sensation, and intuition applied to a given communicative situation or act--stems from the oral tradition. The noetic contrasts with the print legacy of argument in which "teaching something is the same as 'proving' it'" ("Ramus" 156). Ong's sense…
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Oral Tradition, Writing (Composition), Writing Instruction
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de Kort, S.R.; Dickinson, A.; Clayton, N.S. – Learning and Motivation, 2005
Episodic-like memory, the retrospective component of cognitive time travel in animals, needs to fulfil three criteria to meet the behavioral properties of episodic memory as defined for humans. Here, we review results obtained with the cache-recovery paradigm with western scrub-jays and conclude that they fulfil these three criteria. The jays…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology)
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Galvin, Stephen M. – Art Education, 1997
Describes a ninth-grade class project where students were asked to recall a specific sense memory involving smell and foods. They wrote a brief narrative reflecting on the experience and created a recipe card for the food. These were combined with a pictorial representation of the food for a final project. (MJP)
Descriptors: Art Education, Art Products, Creative Art, Creative Teaching
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Ardiel, Evan L.; Giles, Andrew C.; Yu, Alex J.; Lindsay, Theodore H.; Lockery, Shawn R.; Rankin, Catharine H. – Learning & Memory, 2016
Habituation is a highly conserved phenomenon that remains poorly understood at the molecular level. Invertebrate model systems, like "Caenorhabditis elegans," can be a powerful tool for investigating this fundamental process. Here we established a high-throughput learning assay that used real-time computer vision software for behavioral…
Descriptors: Habituation, Computer Software, Stimulation, Behavior Patterns
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Tsui, David; van der Kooy, Derek – Learning & Memory, 2008
We utilized olfactory-mediated chemotaxis in "Caenorhabditis elegans" to examine the effect of aging on information processing and animal behavior. Wild-type (N2) young adults (day 4) initially approach and eventually avoid a point source of benzaldehyde. Aged adult animals (day 7) showed a stronger initial approach and a delayed avoidance to…
Descriptors: Animals, Associative Learning, Animal Behavior, Age Differences
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Voigt, Katharina; Murawski, Carsten; Bode, Stefan – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Standard decision theory assumes that choices result from stable preferences. This position has been challenged by claims that the act of choosing between goods may alter preferences. To test this claim, we investigated in three experiments whether choices between equally valued snack food items can systematically shape preferences. We directly…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Preferences, Decision Making, Attitude Change
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Hernandez, Jose Angel – Aztlan: A Journal of Chicano Studies, 2010
The contemporary situation in the United States with respect to Mexican migrants has reached a level of intensity that harkens back to the mass expulsions of the 1930s and the 1950s, when millions were forcefully removed south across the border. Recent deportation raids have targeted food processing plants and other large businesses hiring migrant…
Descriptors: Mexicans, Migrants, United States History, Relocation
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Kasai, Yoko; Watanabe, Satoshi; Kirino, Yutaka; Matsuo, Ryota – Learning & Memory, 2006
The terrestrial slug "Limax" has a highly developed ability to associate the odor of some foods (e.g., carrot juice) with aversive stimuli such as the bitter taste of quinidine solution. The procerebrum (PC) is a part of the slug's brain thought to be involved in odor-aversion learning, but direct evidence is still lacking. Here, the authors…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Conditioning, Brain, Animals
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Michel, Maximilian; Kemenes, Ildiko; Muller, Uli; Kemenes, Gyorgy – Learning & Memory, 2008
The cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) is known to play a critical role in both transcription-independent short-term or intermediate-term memory and transcription-dependent long-term memory (LTM). Although distinct phases of LTM already have been demonstrated in some systems, it is not known whether these phases require distinct temporal patterns…
Descriptors: Classical Conditioning, Long Term Memory, Anatomy, Brain Hemisphere Functions
Sullivan, Zola Jiles – 1980
Intended to help teachers in developing language arts curriculum materials for use with recent Cuban refugees to the United States, this paper contains 300 topics for creative and expository writing based on the roots of the Cuban culture. The topics cover a variety of subjects, including food preparation, memories of Cuba, experiences in a new…
Descriptors: Biculturalism, Classroom Techniques, Creative Writing, Cubans
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Smith, Steven M.; Gerkens, David R.; Angello, Genna – Journal of Creative Behavior, 2017
Four experiments tested the forgetting fixation hypothesis of incubation effects, comparing continuous vs. alternating generation of exemplars from three different types of categories. In two experiments, participants who listed as many members as possible from two different categories produced more responses, and more novel responses, when they…
Descriptors: Creativity, Attention, Experiments, Taxonomy
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Kerfoot, Erin C.; Agarwal, Isha; Lee, Hongjoo J.; Holland, Peter C. – Learning & Memory, 2007
Through associative learning, cues for biologically significant reinforcers such as food may gain access to mental representations of those reinforcers. Here, we used devaluation procedures, behavioral assessment of hedonic taste-reactivity responses, and measurement of immediate-early gene (IEG) expression to show that a cue for food engages…
Descriptors: Cues, Behavioral Science Research, Memory, Brain
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Singer, Bryan F.; Bryan, Myranda A.; Popov, Pavlo; Scarff, Raymond; Carter, Cody; Wright, Erin; Aragona, Brandon J.; Robinson, Terry E. – Learning & Memory, 2016
The sensory properties of a reward-paired cue (a conditioned stimulus; CS) may impact the motivational value attributed to the cue, and in turn influence the form of the conditioned response (CR) that develops. A cue with multiple sensory qualities, such as a moving lever-CS, may activate numerous neural pathways that process auditory and visual…
Descriptors: Food, Cues, Influences, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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