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Syrko, Joseph; Kaylegian, Kerry E. – Journal of Extension, 2015
Growth in the dairy industry and the passage of the Food Safety Modernization Act have renewed interest in dairy foods processing extension positions. A needs assessment survey was sent to Pennsylvania dairy processors and raw milk providers to guide priorities for a dairy foods extension program. The successful development and delivery of…
Descriptors: Extension Education, Food, Food Standards, Safety
Boutros, Nathalie; Davison, Michael; Elliffe, Douglas – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2009
Five pigeons responded on steady-state concurrent variable-interval variable-interval schedules of food presentation in which half of the foods were removed and replaced with nonfood stimuli. Across conditions, the stimuli were either paired or unpaired with food, and the correlation between the ratio of food deliveries on the two alternatives and…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Intervals, Food, Reinforcement
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Shahan, Timothy A.; Podlesnik, Christopher A.; Jimenez-Gomez, Corina – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2006
Attempts to examine the effects of variations in relative conditioned reinforcement rate on choice have been confounded by changes in rates of primary reinforcement or changes in the value of the conditioned reinforcer. To avoid these problems, this experiment used concurrent observing responses to examine sensitivity of choice to relative…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Predictor Variables, Intervals, Conditioning
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Winter, Carl K. – Journal of Food Science Education, 2016
While the need to present food science information effectively is viewed as a critical competency for food scientists by the Institute of Food Technologists, most food scientists may not receive adequate training in this area. Effective presentations combine both scientific content and delivery mechanisms that demonstrate presenter enthusiasm for…
Descriptors: Foods Instruction, Science Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Best Practices
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Shaw, Angela; Helterbran, Kara – Journal of Extension, 2018
Workers on prison farms in the United States commonly grow produce and row crops and raise livestock. Teaching good agricultural practices to prisoners and prison staff increases the safety of the food produced and reduces the likelihood of an illness outbreak. We developed a food safety curriculum for use on prison farms in Iowa. In developing…
Descriptors: Food, Safety, Agricultural Education, Extension Education
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Nanayakkara, Janandani; Margerison, Claire; Worsley, Anthony – Health Education, 2018
Purpose: Implementation of a new food literacy curriculum provides multiple health and social benefits to school students. The success of any new curriculum execution is partly determined by teachers' perceptions about the new curriculum contents, and barriers and challenges for its delivery. The purpose of this paper is to explore teachers' views…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Foods Instruction
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Holland, Peter C. – Learning and Motivation, 2008
In experiments that measured food consumption, Holland (1981; "Learning and Motivation," 12, 1-18) found that food aversions were formed when an exteroceptive associate of food was paired with illness, but not when such an associate was paired with shock. By contrast, measuring the ability of food to reinforce instrumental responding,…
Descriptors: Experimental Psychology, Reinforcement, Food, Diseases
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Tarrayo, Veronico N. – Journal on English Language Teaching, 2018
The 21 century has witnessed the emergence of the very short story (or "short" short story) genre called flash fiction, which has been receiving considerable attention in the digital age. Although flash fiction is a short form of narrative that may be told in less than 700 or 100 words, it is assumed to have the essential story details,…
Descriptors: Authors, Fiction, Foreign Countries, Literary Devices
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Davison, Michael; Baum, William M. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2006
Six pigeons were trained on a procedure in which seven components arranged different food-delivery ratios on concurrent variable-interval schedules each session. The components were unsignaled, lasted for 10 food deliveries, and occurred in random order with a 60-s blackout between components. The schedules were arranged using a switching-key…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Animals, Selection, Preferences
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Williams, Douglas A.; Chubala, Chrissy M.; Mather, Amber A.; Johns, Kenneth W. – Learning and Motivation, 2009
Appetitive contextual excitation supported by intertrial unconditioned stimuli was more easily overcome by timed conditioned responding in rats using quiet (Experiment 1) rather than noisy (Experiment 2) food pellet deliveries. Head-entry responding in acquisition peaked above the contextual baseline when pellet delivery occurred 10, 30, 60, or 90…
Descriptors: Cues, Intervals, Reaction Time, Food
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Pokharel, Siroj; Marcy, Joseph E.; Neilan, Angela M.; Cutter, Catherine N. – Journal of Food Science Education, 2017
This study addresses the development, dissemination, and assessment of a Food Safety System Management (FSSM) curriculum offered to college-aged, agribusiness students in Yerevan, Armenia. Prior to beginning the program, demographic data were collected and a paper-based pretest was administered to access the food safety knowledge, behavior, and…
Descriptors: Food, Safety, Agribusiness, Foreign Countries
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Keely, Josue; Feola, Tyler; Lattal, Kennon A. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2007
Three experiments were conducted with rats in which responses on one lever (labeled the functional lever) produced reinforcers after an unsignaled delay period that reset with each response during the delay. Responses on a second, nonfunctional, lever did not initiate delays, but, in the first and third experiments, such responses during the last…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Contingency Management, Animals, Responses
O'Hara, Sabine – Metropolitan Universities, 2017
Access to affordable fresh food is an ongoing challenge for underserved urban neighborhoods across the United States. Several are designated food deserts with no access to a full-service grocery store within a one-mile radius. The Urban Food Hubs of the College of Agriculture, Urban Sustainability, and Environmental Sciences (CAUSES) of the…
Descriptors: Food, Urban Areas, Neighborhoods, Capacity Building
Bullock, Christopher E.; Myers, Todd M. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2009
Acquisition and maintenance of touch-screen responding was examined in naive cynomolgus monkeys ("Macaca fascicularis") under automaintenance and classical conditioning arrangements. In the first condition of Experiment 1, we compared acquisition of screen touching to a randomly positioned stimulus (a gray square) that was either stationary or…
Descriptors: Primatology, Classical Conditioning, Stimuli, Tactual Perception
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Klitzke, Carol J.; Strohbehn, Catherine H. – Journal of Child Nutrition & Management, 2015
Purpose/Objectives: This study reported food defense planning, training and best practices implemented in public schools in Montana, Wyoming, South Dakota, North Dakota, Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Methods: An internet-administered survey was sent to 1,501 school food authorities or food service directors (FSDs) in public schools. Survey items…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Food, Administrators, Best Practices
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