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Boutros, Nathalie; Davison, Michael; Elliffe, Douglas – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2011
Conditioned reinforcer effects may be due to the stimulus' discriminative rather than its strengthening properties. While this was demonstrated in a frequently-changing choice procedure, a single attempt to replicate in a relatively static choice environment failed. We contend that this was because the information provided by the stimuli was…
Descriptors: Conditioning, Stimuli, Reinforcement, Animals
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Morgan, Kelly; McConnon, Linda; Van Godwin, Jordan; Hawkins, Jemma; Bond, Amy; Fletcher, Adam – Journal of School Health, 2019
Objective: School summer holiday clubs in deprived areas of Wales were evaluated to examine opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity and explore delivery processes. Methods: Ten Food and Fun clubs participated in 2016. Quantitative data (child and parent surveys; N = 196, N = 84) assessed the opportunity to provide children with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Summer Programs, Holidays, Food
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Bouterakos, M.; Booth, A.; Khokhar, D.; West, M.; Margerison, C.; Campbell, K. J.; Nowson, C. A.; Grimes, C. A. – Health Education Research, 2020
This study explored the views of participants who completed a 5-week, online, interactive, family-based, salt reduction education program (Digital Education to LImit Salt in the Home). A secondary aim was to explore the views of school staff on the delivery of food and nutrition education in schools. Children aged 7-10 years, their parents and…
Descriptors: Childrens Attitudes, Parent Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes, Administrator Attitudes
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Bartelink, Nina H. M.; Mulkens, Sandra; Mujakovic, Suhreta; Jansen, Maria W. J. – Child Care in Practice, 2018
Background: RealFit is a 13-week weight-reduction programme for adolescents. This study investigated the programme's long-term effectiveness regarding the psychological outcomes of self-esteem and food craving. Methods: The study had a quasi-experimental design. Body mass index, self-esteem and food craving were assessed at baseline (T[subscript…
Descriptors: Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Dietetics, Self Esteem
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Tarrayo, Veronico N. – Journal on English Language Teaching, 2018
The 21 century has witnessed the emergence of the very short story (or "short" short story) genre called flash fiction, which has been receiving considerable attention in the digital age. Although flash fiction is a short form of narrative that may be told in less than 700 or 100 words, it is assumed to have the essential story details,…
Descriptors: Authors, Fiction, Foreign Countries, Literary Devices
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Strohbehn, Catherine; Jun, Jinhyun; Arendt, Susan – Journal of Child Nutrition & Management, 2014
Purpose/Objectives: This study investigated the influences of school foodservice employees' age and average number of hours worked per week on perceived safe food handling practices, barriers, and motivators. Methods: A bilingual survey (English and Spanish) was developed to assess reported food safety practices, barriers, and motivators to…
Descriptors: Employee Attitudes, Food Service, Food Standards, Lunch Programs
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Shahan, Timothy A.; Podlesnik, Christopher A.; Jimenez-Gomez, Corina – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2006
Attempts to examine the effects of variations in relative conditioned reinforcement rate on choice have been confounded by changes in rates of primary reinforcement or changes in the value of the conditioned reinforcer. To avoid these problems, this experiment used concurrent observing responses to examine sensitivity of choice to relative…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Predictor Variables, Intervals, Conditioning
Federal Aid Planner: A Guide for School District Administrators, 1972
Discusses food delivery techniques, new kinds of low-cost foods, and ideas for improving nutrition education. (JF)
Descriptors: Federal Government, Federal Programs, Food Service, Foods Instruction
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Keely, Josue; Feola, Tyler; Lattal, Kennon A. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2007
Three experiments were conducted with rats in which responses on one lever (labeled the functional lever) produced reinforcers after an unsignaled delay period that reset with each response during the delay. Responses on a second, nonfunctional, lever did not initiate delays, but, in the first and third experiments, such responses during the last…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Contingency Management, Animals, Responses
Bullock, Christopher E.; Myers, Todd M. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2009
Acquisition and maintenance of touch-screen responding was examined in naive cynomolgus monkeys ("Macaca fascicularis") under automaintenance and classical conditioning arrangements. In the first condition of Experiment 1, we compared acquisition of screen touching to a randomly positioned stimulus (a gray square) that was either stationary or…
Descriptors: Primatology, Classical Conditioning, Stimuli, Tactual Perception
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Williams, Douglas A.; Chubala, Chrissy M.; Mather, Amber A.; Johns, Kenneth W. – Learning and Motivation, 2009
Appetitive contextual excitation supported by intertrial unconditioned stimuli was more easily overcome by timed conditioned responding in rats using quiet (Experiment 1) rather than noisy (Experiment 2) food pellet deliveries. Head-entry responding in acquisition peaked above the contextual baseline when pellet delivery occurred 10, 30, 60, or 90…
Descriptors: Cues, Intervals, Reaction Time, Food
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Davison, Michael; Baum, William M. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2006
Six pigeons were trained on a procedure in which seven components arranged different food-delivery ratios on concurrent variable-interval schedules each session. The components were unsignaled, lasted for 10 food deliveries, and occurred in random order with a 60-s blackout between components. The schedules were arranged using a switching-key…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Animals, Selection, Preferences
Boutros, Nathalie; Davison, Michael; Elliffe, Douglas – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2009
Five pigeons responded on steady-state concurrent variable-interval variable-interval schedules of food presentation in which half of the foods were removed and replaced with nonfood stimuli. Across conditions, the stimuli were either paired or unpaired with food, and the correlation between the ratio of food deliveries on the two alternatives and…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Intervals, Food, Reinforcement
Kliebert, Megan L.; Tiger, Jeffrey H. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2011
Previous research has demonstrated the efficacy of the noncontingent delivery of foods and liquids at suppressing rumination, the repeated regurgitation and rechewing of partially digested food. However, it is unclear how long this reduction is maintained after caregivers terminate this procedure. The current study examined the direct and distal…
Descriptors: Autism, Mental Retardation, Severe Disabilities, Allied Health Personnel
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Davison, Michael; Baum, William M. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2007
Five pigeons were trained on a procedure in which seven concurrent variable-interval schedules arranged seven different food-rate ratios in random sequence in each session. Each of these components lasted for 10 response-produced food deliveries, and components were separated by 10-s blackouts. We varied delays to food (signaled by blackout)…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Delay of Gratification, Animals, Animal Behavior
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