ERIC Number: EJ1220299
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Fluency Practice: Techniques for Building Automaticity in Foundational Knowledge and Skills
Datchuk, Shawn M.; Hier, Bridget O.
TEACHING Exceptional Children, v51 n6 p424-435 Jul-Aug 2019
Nationwide, students with disabilities struggle to develop foundational skills across content areas (National Center for Education Statistics, 2012, 2013). Researchers and national organizations have suggested that many students' achievement problems stem from failing to develop fluency with basic facts and skills in reading, mathematics, and writing (e.g., Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2000; Gersten et al., 2009; Graham et al., 2012). Fluency refers to the speed with which students can accurately perform a skill. Once students can perform a skill accurately, they will likely benefit from fluency practice to strengthen their abilities to perform that skill automatically. This article discusses the seven components of fluency practice, and describes a number of simple-to-implement strategies available to teachers to improve students' fluency with foundational academic skills. A check list of steps to complete a fluency practice session and a chart for self-monitoring fluency practice sessions are provided.
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Basic Skills, Reading Skills, Mathematics Skills, Writing Skills, Drills (Practice), Educational Strategies, Skill Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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