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Blanchard, Nathaniel; Donnelly, Patrick J.; Olney, Andrew M.; Samei, Borhan; Ward, Brooke; Sun, Xiaoyi; Kelly, Sean; Nystrand, Martin; D'Mello, Sidney K. – International Educational Data Mining Society, 2016
We investigate automatic detection of teacher questions from automatically segmented human-transcripts of teacher audio recordings collected in live classrooms. Using a dataset of audio recordings from 11 teachers across 37 class sessions, we automatically segment teacher speech into individual teacher utterances and code each as containing a…
Descriptors: Transcripts (Written Records), Nonprint Media, Automation, Classroom Communication
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Mahmood, Ayad Hameed; Hassan, Zana Mahmood – English Language Teaching, 2018
This paper is an extract from a PhD dissertation on the impacts of learning English on the self-identity of Kurdish EFL learners. Language is a distinctive feature of human being. Similarly, identity is considered as a sign humans are recognized by. So, scrutinizing the relationship between these two related components of human life is revealing.…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Self Concept
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Balyan, Renu; McCarthy, Kathryn S.; McNamara, Danielle S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
While hierarchical machine learning approaches have been used to classify texts into different content areas, this approach has, to our knowledge, not been used in the automated assessment of text difficulty. This study compared the accuracy of four classification machine learning approaches (flat, one-vs-one, one-vs-all, and hierarchical) using…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Classification, Comparative Analysis, Prediction
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Arnold, Kate; Zuberbuhler, Klaus – Brain and Language, 2012
Syntax is widely considered the feature that most decisively sets human language apart from other natural communication systems. Animal vocalisations are generally considered to be holistic with few examples of utterances meaning something other than the sum of their parts. Previously, we have shown that male putty-nosed monkeys produce call…
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Syntax, Primatology, Evolution
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Su, Jiajia – Second Language Research, 2019
This article reports on a study investigating the second language (L2) acquisition of the plural and human features in Mandarin Chinese by adult Korean speakers. Both plural and human features are represented in Korean and Chinese, but assembled in different ways. Forty-eight L2 learners at beginner, intermediate, and advanced Chinese proficiency…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Morphemes, Mandarin Chinese, Korean
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Latifi, Syed; Gierl, Mark – Language Testing, 2021
An automated essay scoring (AES) program is a software system that uses techniques from corpus and computational linguistics and machine learning to grade essays. In this study, we aimed to describe and evaluate particular language features of Coh-Metrix for a novel AES program that would score junior and senior high school students' essays from…
Descriptors: Writing Evaluation, Computer Assisted Testing, Scoring, Essays
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Felix, Sascha W. – System, 1978
Reviews the research on first and second language acquisition, enumerates some basic features of human language learning, and discusses implications for the foreign language classroom. (RM)
Descriptors: Applied Linguistics, Error Analysis (Language), Grammar, Interlanguage
Kurniawan, Eri – ProQuest LLC, 2013
The focus of this thesis is the description and analysis of clausal complementation in Sundanese, an Austronesian language spoken in Indonesia. The thesis examined a range of clausal complement types in Sundanese, which consists of (i) "yen/(wi)rehna" "that" complements, (ii) "pikeun" "for" complements,…
Descriptors: Phrase Structure, Language Research, Morphology (Languages), Malayo Polynesian Languages
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Skalicky, Stephen; Berger, Cynthia M.; Crossley, Scott A.; McNamara, Danielle S. – Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 2016
A corpus of 313 freshman college essays was analyzed in order to better understand the forms and functions of humor in academic writing. Human ratings of humor and wordplay were statistically aggregated using Factor Analysis to provide an overall "Humor" component score for each essay in the corpus. In addition, the essays were also…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Academic Discourse, Humor, Writing (Composition)
Tatman, Rachael – ProQuest LLC, 2017
All language use reflects the user's social identity in systematic ways. While humans can easily adapt to this sociolinguistic variation, automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems continue to struggle with it. This dissertation makes three main contributions. The first is to provide evidence that modern state-of-the-art commercial ASR systems…
Descriptors: Dialects, Self Concept, Acoustics, Sociolinguistics
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Smith, Garrett; Vasishth, Shravan – Cognitive Science, 2020
Among theories of human language comprehension, cue-based memory retrieval has proven to be a useful framework for understanding when and how processing difficulty arises in the resolution of long-distance dependencies. Most previous work in this area has assumed that very general retrieval cues like [+subject] or [+singular] do the work of…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Cues, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
Mulder, J. W. F.; Hervey, S. G. J. – Linguistique, 1975
Based on Mulder's previous classification of all semiotic systems designed to describe the system of discrete features in human languages, this article explores a further subclassification of the genus language into species. (CLK)
Descriptors: Language, Language Patterns, Language Research, Language Universals
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Tywoniw, Rurik; Crossley, Scott – Language Education & Assessment, 2019
Cohesion features were calculated for a corpus of 960 essays by 480 test-takers from the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) in order to examine differences in the use of cohesion devices between integrated (source-based) writing and independent writing samples. Cohesion indices were measured using an automated textual analysis tool, the…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Connected Discourse
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Ratliff, Kristin R.; Newcombe, Nora S. – Cognitive Psychology, 2008
Being able to reorient to the spatial environment after disorientation is a basic adaptive challenge. There is clear evidence that reorientation uses geometric information about the shape of the surrounding space. However, there has been controversy concerning whether use of geometry is a modular function, and whether use of features is dependent…
Descriptors: Language Role, Incidental Learning, Spatial Ability, Geometric Concepts
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Vajjala, Sowmya – International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2018
Automatic essay scoring (AES) refers to the process of scoring free text responses to given prompts, considering human grader scores as the gold standard. Writing such essays is an essential component of many language and aptitude exams. Hence, AES became an active and established area of research, and there are many proprietary systems used in…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Essays, Writing Evaluation, Scoring
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