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Huff, W. A. Kelly – 1988
The emergence of frequency modulation or FM radio signals, which arose from the desire to free broadcasting of static noise common to amplitude modulation or AM, has produced the controversial development of stereo broadcasting. The resulting enhancement of sound quality helped FM pass AM in audience shares in less than two decades. The basic…
Descriptors: Audiences, Broadcast Industry, Broadcast Reception Equipment, Government Role
Netteburg, Kermit – 1980
This paper examines the question of whether the religious broadcasting industry has indirectly received unconstitutional aid from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). It reviews individual FCC cases involving religious programing and religious broadcasters, the constitutional meaning of the establishment clause, and the limits the courts…
Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Church Role, Radio, Religious Factors
Colby, Pamela A. – 1993
From 1969 to 1993 the definition of program length commercials has not been consistent. The FCC's first involvement with program length commercials was in 1969 when "Hot Wheels," a cartoon based on Mattel Corporation's Hot Wheels cars, was alleged to be nothing more than a 30 minute commercial. The FCC made no formal ruling but did…
Descriptors: Childrens Television, Commercial Television, Federal Regulation, Government Role
Glasser, Theodore L. – 1983
That competition in broadcasting may not bring about sufficiently heterogeneous programing has long been the subject of debate among policymakers, and nowhere has that debate been more acrimonious than in its application to the diversification of radio formats. While the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) prefers to leave questions of…
Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Competition, Court Litigation, Federal Courts
McGregor, Michael A. – 1984
On December 22, 1983, the Federal Communications Commission formally ended its consideration of rule making for children's television programing. Opponents of government regulation view the FCC's decision as a victory for the First Amendment freedoms of speech and the press; proponents of mandatory children's programing guidelines feel that the…
Descriptors: Child Advocacy, Citizen Participation, Commercial Television, Federal Regulation
Virts, Paul H. – 1982
Because the Federal Communication Commission's (FCC) decision to deregulate commercial radio has created great controversy over what constitutes "public interest" in broadcast deregulation, this paper provides a brief historical analysis of the bases for defining the public interest standard in broadcast regulation and examines the use…
Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Federal Regulation, Models, Public Agencies
Huff, W. A. Kelly – 1988
Historically, radio broadcasting has been affected by innovational, social, technological, and economic change. For instance, FM (frequency modulation) radio emerged out of a desire to free broadcasting of static noise common to AM (amplitude modulation) signals. The eventual response by AM was to improve the technology of the signal. The inquiry…
Descriptors: Audiences, Broadcast Industry, Broadcast Reception Equipment, Government Role
Hsiung, James C.; And Others – 1983
In August 1978, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) began studying the question of how to increase the diversity and coverage of television broadcast services either by modifying the television translator rules or by creating a new low power television service (LPTV). In Septemer 1980, the FCC finally adopted a "Notice of Proposed…
Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Commercial Television, Communications, Federal Regulation
Jassem, Harvey C. – 1981
In 1928, the Federal Radio Commission (the precursor of the Federal Communications Commission--FCC) noted the need for special radio channels that could carry radio across the United States free from interference from other radio stations. Many of these "clear channels" still exist as protected entities. Perhaps no other FCC policy…
Descriptors: Administrative Problems, Broadcast Industry, Decision Making, Federal Regulation
Jassem, Harvey C. – 1989
This paper examines the role that standard-setting plays in the adoption and growth of new technologies, particularly in the development of electronic media. Background on technological standardization is provided in the first section, including discussions of the costs and benefits of standardization and the timing of standards setting. The…
Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Communications Satellites, Equipment Standards, Federal Regulation
Robinson, Sondra G. – 1980
Social thinkers in the United States do not recognize that technology is a result of conscious decisions that directly reflect the social order, and, therefore, have an impact upon American life that goes beyond the technological development itself. The decision by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 1954 established standards for color…
Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Broadcast Television, Color, Consumer Economics
Driscoll, Paul D. – 1989
This paper examines the government's authority to regulate indecent broadcasts, beginning with a historical overview of the Federal Communication Commission's (FCC) involvement with broadcast indecency and its application in case law. First Amendment considerations are discussed and some suggestions are made regarding how the Commission should…
Descriptors: Audience Response, Censorship, Court Litigation, Federal Government
Virts, Paul H. – 1979
Though the government only regulates religious broadcasting directly by issuing licenses for stations owned by religious groups or operated for religious purposes, it indirectly affects a large number of religious programers who do not own stations. Also, the courts and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) have seldom dealt with cases as…
Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Federal Regulation, Programing (Broadcast), Religious Organizations
Watson, Mary Ann – 1983
Appointed chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) by President Kennedy in 1960, Newton Minow disturbed the traditionally comfortable relationship between the commission and the broadcast industry. In his first major speech, he outraged industry officials by attacking television programming as "a vast wasteland" and…
Descriptors: Advertising, Broadcast Industry, Change Agents, Childrens Television
Fowler, Mark S. – 1981
This paper contains transcripts of two speeches given by the chairperson of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) outlining his philosophy concerning the function of that agency and its relationship to the telecommunications industry. The first transcript discusses the primary management objectives identified by the FCC as follows: (1) to…
Descriptors: Broadcast Industry, Federal Regulation, Management by Objectives, Management Systems
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