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ERIC Number: EJ973757
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0886-2605
Predictors of Preschoolers' Appraisals of Conflict in Families Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence
Miller, Laura E.; Howell, Kathryn H.; Graham-Bermann, Sandra A.
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, v27 n3 p568-586 Feb 2012
Factors that may contribute to preschool-aged children's appraisals of their parent's violent conflicts in families experiencing recent intimate partner violence (IPV) were evaluated for 116 mother-child dyads. Mothers and children were interviewed using empirically-validated measures to assess level of violence, maternal and child mental health, and children's appraisals of conflict. Results suggest that preschool-aged children are able to meaningfully respond to statements about their parents' conflicts. Both mothers' and children's reports of violence were significantly associated with children's appraisals of Threat, but not with appraisals of Self-blame. Girls reported significantly higher levels of Self-blame than did boys. Children's cognitive appraisals of Threat and Self-blame did not vary by age or ethnicity. These findings suggest that interventions designed for young children might specifically target their cognitive appraisals to help them regulate their feelings of being threatened and to provide for their safety. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Conflict Tactics Scale; Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale