ERIC Number: EJ1119475
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Perspectives on Stress, Parenting, and Children's Obesity-Related Behaviors in Black Families
Parks, Elizabeth P.; Kazak, Anne; Kumanyika, Shiriki; Lewis, Lisa; Barg, Frances K.
Health Education & Behavior, v43 n6 p632-640 Dec 2016
Objective: In an effort to develop targets for childhood obesity interventions in non-Hispanic-Black (Black) families, this study examined parental perceptions of stress and identified potential links among parental stress and children's eating patterns, physical activity, and screen-time. Method: Thirty-three self-identified Black parents or grandparents of a child aged 3 to 7 years were recruited from a large, urban Black church to participate in semistructured interviews. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Parents/ grandparents described a pathway between how stress affected them personally and their child's eating, structured (sports/dance) and unstructured (free-play) physical activity, and screen-time usage, as well as strategies to prevent this association. Five themes emerged: stress affects parent behaviors related to food and physical activity variably; try to be healthy even with stress; parent/grandparent stress eating and parenting; stress influences family cooking, food choices, and child free-play; and screen-time use to decrease parent stress. Negative parent/grandparent response to their personal stress adversely influenced food purchases and parenting related to child eating, free-play, and screen-time. Children of parents/grandparents who ate high-fat/high-sugar foods when stressed requested these foods. In addition to structured physical activity, cooking ahead and keeping food in the house were perceived to guard against the effects of stress except during parent cravings. Parent/child screen-time helped decrease parent stress. Conclusion: Parents/grandparents responded variably to stress which affected the child eating environment, free-play, and screen-time. Family-based interventions to decrease obesity in Black children should consider how stress influences parents. Targeting parent cravings and coping strategies that utilize structure in eating and physical activity may be useful intervention strategies.
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Child Rearing, Child Health, Obesity, Child Behavior, African American Family, Screening Tests, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Eating Habits, Semi Structured Interviews, Parent Attitudes, Stress Management, Early Childhood Education, Qualitative Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Sponsor: National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH); National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)
Grant or Contract Numbers: K01PAR012050|K01CA16081801