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Gilbert, Neil – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2009
The conventional view of poverty in the European Union countries is based on a relative measure, which defines all those with incomes below 60 percent of the median as poor. In the U.S., poverty is defined according to an absolute measure--the federal poverty line computed by the Census Bureau--which was $21,200 for a family of four in 2008…
Descriptors: Poverty, Social Isolation, Life Satisfaction, Measurement
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Chmielewski, Anna K.; Reardon, Sean F. – AERA Open, 2016
In a recent paper, Reardon found that the relationship between family income and children's academic achievement grew substantially stronger in the 1980s and 1990s in the United States. We provide an international context for these results by examining the income-achievement association in 19 other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and…
Descriptors: Income, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement, Family Income
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Berliner, David C. – Teachers College Record, 2013
Background/Context: This paper arises out of frustration with the results of school reforms carried out over the past few decades. These efforts have failed. They need to be abandoned. In their place must come recognition that income inequality causes many social problems, including problems associated with education. Sadly, compared to all other…
Descriptors: Poverty, Educational Change, Socioeconomic Status, Correlation
MARSHALL, GRACE; MITTELBACH, FRANK G. – 1966
THIS IS THE 5TH IN A SERIES OF REPORTS BY THE MEXICAN-AMERICAN STUDY PROJECT. IT PRESENTS AN ANALYSIS OF POVERTY AMONG MEXICAN-AMERICANS IN THE SOUTHWEST, A COMPARISON OF THE POVERTY OF THE MEXICAN-AMERICANS TO THAT OF THE ANGLOS AND NON-WHITES, A DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAMILY SIZE AND POVERTY, A DESCRIPTION OF THE CHARACTERISTICS…
Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Demography, Economic Factors, Income
Morrissey, Elizabeth S. – 1987
Data from the 1986 Current Population Survey (March Supplement) indentified characteristics of working heads of poor families that might assist policymakers involved in alleviating nonmetro poverty (in 1985, 18.3% of persons living in nonmetro areas were poor compared to 12.7% of persons living in metro areas). Comparing the South (a 17-state…
Descriptors: Census Figures, Comparative Analysis, Educational Attainment, Employment Patterns
Current Population Reports, 1988
This report based on the March 1985 supplement to the Current Population Survey presents demographic, social, and economic data on the Hispanic population in the United States, and focuses on social and economic changes between 1982 and 1985. The Hispanic civilian noninstitutional population in March 1985 totaled about 17 million, a 17% increase…
Descriptors: Census Figures, Cubans, Demography, Educational Attainment
Stein, Robert L.; Kleinfelder, Carlie A. – 1968
This report analyzes the incidence of poverty in the U.S. from 1959 to 1966 by family status, color, and sex. The definition of poverty is derived from the Social Security Administration income index. There are indications that although there has been a general decline in poverty since 1959, approximately one family in eight is still below the…
Descriptors: Employment, Family Status, Females, Income
Valdivieso, Rafael – 1990
While becoming increasingly important to the economic and social development of the United States, Mexican-Americans still face barriers that hinder their full partnership in U.S. society. This ERIC digest is a summary of the latest available demographic and socioeconomic trends on Mexican-Americans. It discusses the broad implications for…
Descriptors: Dropout Rate, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Patterns
King, Jill – 1976
This technical paper describes the latest consumer expenditure survey for the period of 1972 to 1974. The survey is a comprehensive source of detailed information on the expenditure patterns and savings behavior of American consumers in relation to their income and other characteristics. The first part of the paper describes the most recent…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Census Figures, Consumer Economics, Food
Carliner, Geoffrey – 1977
The document presents an analysis of the economic status of certain minority groups in the United States. The groups include Blacks, American Indians, Chicanos, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Japanese, Chinese, and Filipinos. Specifically, the document examines differences in female labor supply, female occupational status, and male earnings among the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Blacks, Chinese Americans
Fernandez, Edward W.; DeNavas, Carmen – Current Population Reports, 1985
As a supplement to the March 1982 Current Population Survey, the Bureau of the Census collected data on age, marital status, education, voting and registration, fertility, employment, family composition and size, income, and poverty status of Spanish-origin persons residing in the United States. Data were compared to data for the overall…
Descriptors: Age, Birth Rate, Census Figures, Comparative Analysis
Brookings Institution, 2010
This report marks the inaugural edition of a regular summary report in Brookings' "State of Metropolitan America" series. It focuses on the major demographic forces transforming the nation and large metropolitan areas in the 2000s. In this sense, it previews what people will learn from the results of the 2010 census, as well as supplements those…
Descriptors: Metropolitan Areas, Demography, Population Growth, Migration
McKenney, Nampeo D. R.; And Others – 1972
This is the fifth in a series of statistical reports about the social and economic conditions of the black population in the United States. Included here are the most current data available on selected areas of major interest. The majority of the statistics in this report are from the Bureau of the Census, but some are from other government and…
Descriptors: Black Education, Blacks, Employment, Family Characteristics
Coe, Richard D.; And Others – 1976
This study is a two-part analysis aimed at determining what differences occur in the incidence of poverty when different definitions of income are employed and when the time frame of analysis is changed. The first part of the analysis concentrates on school-aged children, while the second part studies families. The study is based on data from the…
Descriptors: Children, Definitions, Demography, Family Characteristics
Ravallion, Martin – 1998
A poverty line helps focus the attention of policymakers on the living conditions of the poor and may inform policy decisions about targeting development or poverty programs. Poverty lines serve two roles. One is to determine the minimum living standard before a person is not considered "poor." The other is to make interpersonal comparisons, such…
Descriptors: Economic Factors, Income, Living Standards, Macroeconomics
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