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Liu, Dongfang; Ku, Heng-Yu; Morgan, Thomas Lee – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2019
The condition of poverty is pervasive worldwide and is multifaceted in its ability to have a deleterious generational impact. Although China has greatly reduced the proportion of people living in abject poverty over the past three decades, there are still millions of families living in extreme poverty. This study investigated the influences of…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Environment, Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement
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Haile, Getinet; Haile, Beliyou – Education Economics, 2012
We examine work participation and schooling for children aged 7-15 using survey data from rural Ethiopia. Bivariate probit and age-adjusted educational attainment equations have been estimated. Male children are found to be more likely to attend school than their female counterparts. "Specialization" in child labour is also found, with…
Descriptors: Family Planning, Family Size, Educational Attainment, Foreign Countries
Marchant, Gregory J.; McCreary, John J. – Online Submission, 2018
This report investigates factors relevant to choosing locations conducive to both attainment and maintenance of a teaching career. In addition to salary and cost of living, the investigators compiled and ranked variables related to family, such as parental income and education, and differences in political structures that affect careers in…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Educational Attainment, Parent Background, Costs
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Cabell, Sonia Q.; Zucker, Tricia A.; DeCoster, Jamie; Copp, Stefanie B.; Landry, Susan – AERA Open, 2019
There is increasing interest in low-cost, scalable approaches that support parent engagement in their children's learning at home. This study examined the impact of one such approach on pre-kindergarteners' literacy development during an academic year in a suburban public school setting that prioritized enrollment for children living in poverty.…
Descriptors: Literacy, Parent Child Relationship, Participation, Family Environment
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Zvara, Bharathi J.; Macfie, Jenny; Cox, Martha; Mills-Koonce, Roger – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Role confusion is a deviation in the parent-child relationship such that a parent looks to a child to meet the parent's emotional needs and abdicates, in part, the parental role in exchange for care, intimacy, or peer support from the child. In addition, a child may initiate role-confused behavior in order to gain closeness to a parent who is…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Mothers, Ambiguity (Context), Adjustment (to Environment)
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Noel, Amber; Stark, Patrick; Redford, Jeremy – National Center for Education Statistics, 2016
This report presents data on students in the United States attending kindergarten through grade 12. The main focus of the report is on parent and family involvement in the students' education during the 2011-12 school year as reported by the students' parents. It also includes the percentage of students who participated in selected family…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, National Surveys, Parent Participation, Family Involvement
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Cabell, Sonia Q.; Zucker, Tricia A.; DeCoster, Jamie; Copp, Stefanie B.; Landry, Susan – Grantee Submission, 2019
There is increasing interest in low-cost, scalable approaches that support parent engagement in their children's learning at home. This study examined the impact of one such approach on pre-kindergarteners' literacy development during an academic year in a suburban public school setting that prioritized enrollment for children living in poverty.…
Descriptors: Literacy, Parent Child Relationship, Participation, Family Environment
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Hindman, Annemarie H.; Miller, Alison L.; Froyen, Laura C.; Skibbe, Lori E. – Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2012
Family involvement, an important resource for early learning among children in poverty, is a primary focus of the Head Start preschool program. The current study examined the extent to which families in Head Start were involved in children's learning at home, in the community, and at school, as well as the child, family, and center factors that…
Descriptors: Family Involvement, Preschool Education, Poverty, Disadvantaged Youth
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Dodge, Kenneth A.; Bai, Yu; Ladd, Helen F.; Muschkin, Clara G. – Child Development, 2017
North Carolina's Smart Start and More at Four (MAF) early childhood programs were evaluated through the end of elementary school (age 11) by estimating the impact of state funding allocations to programs in each of 100 counties across 13 consecutive years on outcomes for all children in each county-year group (n = 1,004,571; 49% female; 61%…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational Policy, Outcomes of Education, Elementary School Students
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Wickrama, K. A. S.; Noh, Samuel; Bryant, Chalandra M. – Journal of Community Psychology, 2005
Using a sample of 15,885 adolescents derived from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examined (1) unique additive influences of race, family, and community and (2) various multiplicative influences among race, family, and community factors on adolescent distress. Community characteristics such as community poverty and…
Descriptors: African American Children, Community Characteristics, Race, Poverty
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Wolf, Sharon; Aber, J. Lawrence; Morris, Pamela A. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
In 2007, the Center for Economic Opportunity (CEO) in the Mayor's Office of the City of New York mounted the first holistic Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) initiative in an economically advanced, services rich jurisdiction. The initiative is known as Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards (henceforth "Family Rewards"). CCTs offer cash assistance…
Descriptors: Rewards, Incentives, Low Income Groups, Family Programs
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Onoyase, Anna – Higher Education Studies, 2016
The purpose of this study was to investigate the Impact of Gender, Family type and Age on undergraduate parents' perception of causes of child Sexual Abuse. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested. There was a review of relevant literature. The population for the study were 2014 sandwich contact students of Delta State University, Abraka who…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Undergraduate Students, Reliability, Factor Analysis
Karoly, Lynn A. – RAND Corporation, 2019
A substantial share of children in New Hampshire are at risk of adverse developmental outcomes because of low family resources and other factors that can compromise healthy development in the first few years of life. This report examines the need for early childhood investments in communities across New Hampshire, the current investments under way…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Evidence Based Practice, Investment, Home Visits
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Moore, Kristin Anderson; Vandivere, Sharon; Redd, Zakia – Social Indicators Research, 2006
In this paper, we conceptualize and develop an index of sociodemographic risk that we hypothesize will be an improvement over the standard poverty measure as a measure of risk for children's development. The poverty line is widely used in government statistics and in research but is also widely acknowledged to have multiple shortcomings. Using…
Descriptors: Poverty, Parent Education, Family Income, Multivariate Analysis
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Chmielewski, Anna K.; Reardon, Sean F. – AERA Open, 2016
In a recent paper, Reardon found that the relationship between family income and children's academic achievement grew substantially stronger in the 1980s and 1990s in the United States. We provide an international context for these results by examining the income-achievement association in 19 other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and…
Descriptors: Income, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement, Family Income
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