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Ponczek, Vladimir; Souza, Andre Portela – Journal of Human Resources, 2012
This paper presents new evidence of the causal effect of family size on child quality in a developing-country context. We estimate the impact of family size on child labor and educational outcomes among Brazilian children and young adults by exploring the exogenous variation of family size driven by the presence of twins in the family. Using the…
Descriptors: Females, Family Size, Males, Human Capital
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Liu, Dongfang; Ku, Heng-Yu; Morgan, Thomas Lee – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2019
The condition of poverty is pervasive worldwide and is multifaceted in its ability to have a deleterious generational impact. Although China has greatly reduced the proportion of people living in abject poverty over the past three decades, there are still millions of families living in extreme poverty. This study investigated the influences of…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Environment, Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement
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Lewin, Alisa C.; Maurin, Eric – Evaluation Review, 2005
Family size is an important determinant of family well-being, and it is a good predictor of poverty. This study examines effects of waiving the 100-hour rule, by family size, and distinguishes between the "work-incentive effects" and the "eligibility effects" of the waiver. The 100-hour rule limits eligibility to aid to…
Descriptors: Eligibility, Family Size, Incentives, Family (Sociological Unit)
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Haile, Getinet; Haile, Beliyou – Education Economics, 2012
We examine work participation and schooling for children aged 7-15 using survey data from rural Ethiopia. Bivariate probit and age-adjusted educational attainment equations have been estimated. Male children are found to be more likely to attend school than their female counterparts. "Specialization" in child labour is also found, with…
Descriptors: Family Planning, Family Size, Educational Attainment, Foreign Countries
Karasik, Bradley – ProQuest LLC, 2012
This secondary analysis of the earning mobility of the near poor examined the impact of human capital investment on the earning mobility of the near poor between 2005 and 2009. The theory framing this study is Human Capital Theory (Shultz, 1961). Other demographic and socioeconomic variables were included in this study to further explore factors…
Descriptors: Wages, Poverty, Low Income Groups, Human Capital
Marchant, Gregory J.; McCreary, John J. – Online Submission, 2018
This report investigates factors relevant to choosing locations conducive to both attainment and maintenance of a teaching career. In addition to salary and cost of living, the investigators compiled and ranked variables related to family, such as parental income and education, and differences in political structures that affect careers in…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Educational Attainment, Parent Background, Costs
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Cabell, Sonia Q.; Zucker, Tricia A.; DeCoster, Jamie; Copp, Stefanie B.; Landry, Susan – AERA Open, 2019
There is increasing interest in low-cost, scalable approaches that support parent engagement in their children's learning at home. This study examined the impact of one such approach on pre-kindergarteners' literacy development during an academic year in a suburban public school setting that prioritized enrollment for children living in poverty.…
Descriptors: Literacy, Parent Child Relationship, Participation, Family Environment
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Gilbert, Neil – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2009
The conventional view of poverty in the European Union countries is based on a relative measure, which defines all those with incomes below 60 percent of the median as poor. In the U.S., poverty is defined according to an absolute measure--the federal poverty line computed by the Census Bureau--which was $21,200 for a family of four in 2008…
Descriptors: Poverty, Social Isolation, Life Satisfaction, Measurement
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Zvara, Bharathi J.; Macfie, Jenny; Cox, Martha; Mills-Koonce, Roger – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Role confusion is a deviation in the parent-child relationship such that a parent looks to a child to meet the parent's emotional needs and abdicates, in part, the parental role in exchange for care, intimacy, or peer support from the child. In addition, a child may initiate role-confused behavior in order to gain closeness to a parent who is…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Mothers, Ambiguity (Context), Adjustment (to Environment)
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Noel, Amber; Stark, Patrick; Redford, Jeremy – National Center for Education Statistics, 2016
This report presents data on students in the United States attending kindergarten through grade 12. The main focus of the report is on parent and family involvement in the students' education during the 2011-12 school year as reported by the students' parents. It also includes the percentage of students who participated in selected family…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, National Surveys, Parent Participation, Family Involvement
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Cabell, Sonia Q.; Zucker, Tricia A.; DeCoster, Jamie; Copp, Stefanie B.; Landry, Susan – Grantee Submission, 2019
There is increasing interest in low-cost, scalable approaches that support parent engagement in their children's learning at home. This study examined the impact of one such approach on pre-kindergarteners' literacy development during an academic year in a suburban public school setting that prioritized enrollment for children living in poverty.…
Descriptors: Literacy, Parent Child Relationship, Participation, Family Environment
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Hindman, Annemarie H.; Miller, Alison L.; Froyen, Laura C.; Skibbe, Lori E. – Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2012
Family involvement, an important resource for early learning among children in poverty, is a primary focus of the Head Start preschool program. The current study examined the extent to which families in Head Start were involved in children's learning at home, in the community, and at school, as well as the child, family, and center factors that…
Descriptors: Family Involvement, Preschool Education, Poverty, Disadvantaged Youth
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Dodge, Kenneth A.; Bai, Yu; Ladd, Helen F.; Muschkin, Clara G. – Child Development, 2017
North Carolina's Smart Start and More at Four (MAF) early childhood programs were evaluated through the end of elementary school (age 11) by estimating the impact of state funding allocations to programs in each of 100 counties across 13 consecutive years on outcomes for all children in each county-year group (n = 1,004,571; 49% female; 61%…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational Policy, Outcomes of Education, Elementary School Students
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Ozawa, Martha N. – Child Welfare, 1974
Describes how American social policy (based on individualism and free enterprise), family size, and parental earnings can work to decrease children's benefits under social security. (Author/ED)
Descriptors: Agency Role, Child Welfare, Childhood Needs, Federal Aid
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Chapa, Jorge; De La Rosa, Belinda – Education and Urban Society, 2004
Data from the U.S. Census Bureau and the National Center for Education Statistics indicate that Latinos lag behind non-Latinos in education and in other socioeconomic characteristics. Although there are some positive indications such as the decrease of individuals and children living in poverty and an increase in the number of individuals working…
Descriptors: Population Growth, Poverty, Family Income, Family Size
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