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Shakoor, Sania; Jaffee, Sara R.; Bowes, Lucy; Ouellet-Morin, Isabelle; Andreou, Penelope; Happe, Francesca; Moffitt, Terrie E.; Arseneault, Louise – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2012
Background: Theory of mind (ToM) allows the understanding and prediction of other people's behaviours based on their mental states (e.g. beliefs). It is important for healthy social relationships and thus may contribute towards children's involvement in bullying. The present study investigated whether children involved in bullying during early…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Child Abuse, Bullying, Economically Disadvantaged
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Smith, Thomas Ewin – Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1984
Surveyed 291 mother-child and 221 father-child dyads to examine adolescent perceptions of parental educational goals. Results showed family size and student's age had no effect, but birth order and sibling sex composition interact with sex of the parent and the adolescent in effects on accuracy of perception. (JAC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Birth Order, Congruence (Psychology), Elementary Secondary Education
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Philliber, Susan Gustavus – Journal of Social Issues, 1980
Data indicate that much socialization for parenthood occurs well before the onset of childbearing. By the time a young woman is at risk of pregnancy, she has notions about the value of children and preferences for appropriate family size and sex of offspring. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attitudes, Birth, Contraception
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Rodrigue, James R.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1991
This study compared the adaptive behaviors of 20 autistic, 20 Down's syndrome, and 20 normal children matched on age equivalent adaptive behavior, gender, race, birth order, family size, and socioeconomic status. The autistic children displayed significant and pervasive deficits in the acquisition of adaptive social skills and greater variability…
Descriptors: Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled), Adolescents, Autism, Behavior Development
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Hudson, Alan; Reece, John; Cameron, Christine; Matthews, Jan – Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 2009
Background: Previous research has reported on the effectiveness of the Signposts program for supporting families of children with an intellectual disability and difficult behaviour (Hudson et al., 2003; Hudson, Cameron, & Matthews, 2008). This paper reports on an investigation of the extent to which child characteristics moderate the…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Mental Retardation, Program Effectiveness, Effect Size
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Ruiz-Casares, Monica – Journal of Marriage and Family, 2010
In settings highly affected by HIV/AIDS, households headed by children may result from strained family relations, poverty, and stigma associated with the disease. Understanding local systems and dynamics of support is essential to planning comprehensive models of care. This study measured size and composition of the support and conflict networks…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Family (Sociological Unit), Foreign Countries, Social Networks
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Evans, Steven W.; Schultz, Brandon K.; DeMars, Christine E. – School Psychology Review, 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and dose-response relationship of a school-based treatment program for high school students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Two paraprofessionals provided interventions to 24 students with ADHD randomly assigned to the treatment condition at two public high schools. They…
Descriptors: High School Students, Adolescents, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Program Effectiveness
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Paiva, Andrea L.; Amoyal, Nicole R.; Johnson, Janet L.; Prochaska, James O. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2014
Using cluster analysis, 717 students who reported that they had never smoked and the nondrinking 292 students who reported that they had never drank alcohol were classified into four profile groups based on their Pros and Cons of not using and temptation to use. Profiles were labeled Most Protected, Least Positive, Most Negative, and Most Tempted.…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Substance Abuse, Smoking, Drinking
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Thrane, Lisa E.; Hoyt, Danny R.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Yoder, Kevin A. – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2006
Problem: Various demographic and familial risk factors have been linked to runaway behavior. To date, there has not been a systematic investigation of the impact of size of community on runaway behavior. This study will compare runaways from smaller cities and rural areas to their urban counterparts. Methods: A convenience sample of 602…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Runaways, Victims of Crime, Child Neglect
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Bender, Kimberly; Tripodi, Stephen J.; Sarteschi, Christy; Vaughn, Michael G. – Research on Social Work Practice, 2011
Objective: This meta-analytic review assesses the effectiveness of substance abuse interventions to reduce adolescent cannabis use. Method: A systematic search identified 15 randomized controlled evaluations of interventions to reduce adolescent cannabis use published between 1960 and 2008. The primary outcome variables, frequency of cannabis use,…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Marijuana, Adolescents, Effect Size
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Garcia, Abbe Marrs; Sapyta, Jeffrey J.; Moore, Phoebe S.; Freeman, Jennifer B.; Franklin, Martin E.; March, John S.; Foa, Edna B. – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2010
Objective: To identify predictors and moderators of outcome in the first Pediatric OCD Treatment Study (POTS I) among youth (N = 112) randomly assigned to sertraline, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), both sertraline and CBT (COMB), or a pill placebo. Method: Potential baseline predictors and moderators were identified by literature review. The…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Identification, Predictor Variables, Literature Reviews
Wiegand, Andrew; Manno, Michelle; Leshnick, Sengsouvanh; Treskon, Louisa; Geckeler, Christian; Lewis-Charp, Heather; Sinicrope, Castle; Clark, Mika; Nicholson, Brandon – MDRC, 2015
YouthBuild is intended to help high school dropouts, ages 16 to 24, who face an array of impediments to their educational and employment success as they progress into adulthood. Stemming from one program launched in the late 1970s, today over 270 YouthBuild programs operate nationwide. YouthBuild is a principles-based model that values a…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Adolescents, Young Adults, Youth Programs
Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Svensson, Allan. – 1982
This paper investigates interactions between family size and social class with respect to intellectual achievement. One purpose of the paper is to study the limits to the applicability of the "confluence model" proposed by Zajonc and Markus; another is to investigate methods for studying interactions between variables. The study includes…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Analysis of Variance, Family Characteristics
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, 2018
This year's "America's Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being" continues more than a decade of dedication and collaboration by agencies across the Federal Government to advance our understanding of our Nation's children and what may be needed to bring them a better tomorrow. "America's Children in Brief, 2018"…
Descriptors: Crime, Well Being, Birth Rate, High School Graduates
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Staniford, Leanne J.; Breckon, Jeff D.; Copeland, Robert J. – Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2012
Childhood obesity trends have increased dramatically over the past three decade's. The purpose of this quantitative systematic review is to provide an update of the evidence, illustrating the efficacy of childhood obesity treatment, considering whether treatment fidelity has been measured and/or reported and whether this related to the treatment…
Descriptors: Obesity, Children, Adolescents, Foreign Countries
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