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Showing 1 to 15 of 21 results Save | Export
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Silles, Mary A. – Economics of Education Review, 2010
This article, using longitudinal data from the National Child Development Study, presents new evidence on the effects of family size and birth order on test scores and behavioral development at age 7, 11 and 16. Sibling size is shown to have an adverse causal effect on test scores and behavioral development. For any given family size, first-borns…
Descriptors: Family Size, Birth Order, Scores, Child Development
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Ryabov, Igor – Youth & Society, 2018
The present study used nationally representative data from the U.S. Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) merged with census-track data from the American Community Survey (ACS) to model race-ethnic disparities in overweight, obesity, and obesity-related disease among children and adolescents as a function of neighborhood race-ethnic segregation,…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Obesity, Racial Differences, Ethnicity
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Larsson, Henrik; Dilshad, Rezin; Lichtenstein, Paul; Barker, Edward D. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: DSM-IV specifies three ADHD subtypes; the combined, the hyperactive-impulsive and the inattentive. Little is known about the developmental relationships underlying these subtypes. The objective of this study was to describe the development of parent-reported hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention symptoms from childhood to…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Twins, Family Size, Psychopathology
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Keijsers, Loes; Voelkle, Manuel C.; Maciejewski, Dominique; Branje, Susan; Koot, Hans; Hiemstra, Marieke; Meeus, Wim – Developmental Psychology, 2016
This study aimed to gain a better understanding of the normative declines in adolescent disclosure and maternal knowledge over the course of adolescence, by assessing the underlying monitoring processes. Multilevel structural equation models were applied to 15 assessments among 479 families across 5 years (13 years at T1, 57% boys, 11% low…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Self Disclosure (Individuals), Mothers
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Wickrama, K. A. S.; Noh, Samuel; Bryant, Chalandra M. – Journal of Community Psychology, 2005
Using a sample of 15,885 adolescents derived from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examined (1) unique additive influences of race, family, and community and (2) various multiplicative influences among race, family, and community factors on adolescent distress. Community characteristics such as community poverty and…
Descriptors: African American Children, Community Characteristics, Race, Poverty
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Kjellstrand, Jean M.; Eddy, J. Mark – Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 2011
Over the past several decades, the number of youth with parents in prison in the United States has increased substantially. Findings thus far indicate that they are a vulnerable group of children. Using prospective longitudinal data gathered as part of the population-based Linking the Interests of Families and Teachers (LIFT) randomized controlled…
Descriptors: Youth Problems, Delinquency, Family Income, Correctional Institutions
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Baydar, Nazli; And Others – Child Development, 1993
Used longitudinal data from a sample of African-American children of teenaged mothers in the Baltimore, Maryland, area to examine determinants of functional literacy in adulthood. Found that preschool cognitive and behavioral functioning predicted literacy in young adulthood. Family environmental factors that predicted literacy in young adulthood…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adult Literacy, Blacks, Children
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Carolan, Brian V. – Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2012
In an effort to enhance both adolescents' social capital and increase achievement, public school districts across the United States have created small high schools. Using data derived from a longitudinal and nationally representative study of U.S. high school students, the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002, results show that when adolescents'…
Descriptors: High Schools, Family Characteristics, Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement
Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Svensson, Allan. – 1982
This paper investigates interactions between family size and social class with respect to intellectual achievement. One purpose of the paper is to study the limits to the applicability of the "confluence model" proposed by Zajonc and Markus; another is to investigate methods for studying interactions between variables. The study includes…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Analysis of Variance, Family Characteristics
Kenkel, William F. – 1981
Educational and occupational goals of low-income rural youth in 6 Southern states were studied longitudinally by administering questionnaires to entire fifth and sixth grade classes in 28 schools and, 6 years later, by locating the same students to again answer questionnaires. Completed questionnaires for both 1969 and 1975 were obtained from 702…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Adolescents, Blacks, Elementary Secondary Education
US Department of Health and Human Services, 2005
Over 530,000 children are in foster care in the United States, living in a variety of settings, including non-relative foster homes, the homes of relatives, and group homes. However, little research has been available to provide a national picture of the circumstances in which these children reside. The National Survey of Child and Adolescent…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Caregivers, Group Homes, Foster Care
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Amone-P'Olak, Kennedy; Ormel, Johan; Huisman, Martijn; Verhulst, Frank C.; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Burger, Huibert – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2009
Objective: Life stressors and family socioeconomic position have often been associated with mental health status. The aim of the present study is to contribute to the understanding of the pathways from low socioeconomic position and life stressors to mental problems. Method: In a cross-sectional analysis using data from a longitudinal study of…
Descriptors: Health Conditions, Mental Health, Early Adolescents, Adolescents
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Quin, Daniel – Review of Educational Research, 2017
This systematic review examined multiple indicators of adolescent students' engagement in school, and the indicators' associations with teacher-student relationships (TSRs). Seven psychology, education, and social sciences databases were systematically searched. From this search, 46 published studies (13 longitudinal) were included for detailed…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Teacher Student Relationship, Learner Engagement, Student Participation
Manlove, Jennifer – 1995
This study used current data from a cohort of eighth graders in the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 to test whether dropping out of high school and other measures of educational performance and involvement influenced the likelihood of having a school-age birth for whites, blacks, and Hispanics. Three major sets of independent…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Black Students, Dropout Rate, Early Parenthood
DOUGLAS, J.W.B. – 1966
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Adolescents
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