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Showing 1 to 15 of 37 results Save | Export
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Ponczek, Vladimir; Souza, Andre Portela – Journal of Human Resources, 2012
This paper presents new evidence of the causal effect of family size on child quality in a developing-country context. We estimate the impact of family size on child labor and educational outcomes among Brazilian children and young adults by exploring the exogenous variation of family size driven by the presence of twins in the family. Using the…
Descriptors: Females, Family Size, Males, Human Capital
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Silles, Mary A. – Economics of Education Review, 2010
This article, using longitudinal data from the National Child Development Study, presents new evidence on the effects of family size and birth order on test scores and behavioral development at age 7, 11 and 16. Sibling size is shown to have an adverse causal effect on test scores and behavioral development. For any given family size, first-borns…
Descriptors: Family Size, Birth Order, Scores, Child Development
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Caceres-Delpiano, Julio – Journal of Human Resources, 2006
Using multiple births as an exogenous shift in family size, I investigate the impact of the number of children on child investment and child well-being. Using data from the 1980 US Census Five-Percent Public Use Micro Sample, 2SLS results demonstrate that parents facing a change in family size reallocate resources in a way consistent with Becker's…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Labor Force Nonparticipants, Labor Force, Grade Repetition
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Al-Shahomee, Alsedig Abdalgadr; Lynn, Richard; Abdalla, Saleh El-ghmary – Intelligence, 2013
The Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) was administered to a sample of 592 16 year old school students in Libya. There was a small negative correlation of -0.14 between SPM scores and the number of siblings, indicating only marginal dysgenic fertility. Supplementary material giving the data is given online. (Contains 1 table.)
Descriptors: Intelligence, Foreign Countries, Family Size, Siblings
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Kirkcaldy, Bruce; Furnham, Adrian; Siefen, Georg – School Psychology International, 2009
A sample of around 2,500 adolescents in a child and adolescent psychiatry clinic in the region of Munster, Germany had their intelligence assessed. Family size (total number of siblings within a family) was significantly correlated with intelligence score categories (-0.08 and -0.19 for males and females). First borns and only children displayed…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Siblings, Family Size, Psychiatry
Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul; Salvanes, Kjell – Centre for the Economics of Education (NJ1), 2005
There is an extensive theoretical literature that postulates a trade off between child quantity and quality within a family. However, there is little causal evidence that speaks to this theory. Using a rich dataset on the entire population of Norway over an extended period of time, we examine the effects of family size and birth order on the…
Descriptors: Family Size, Economics, Educational Attainment, Birth Order
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Larsson, Henrik; Dilshad, Rezin; Lichtenstein, Paul; Barker, Edward D. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: DSM-IV specifies three ADHD subtypes; the combined, the hyperactive-impulsive and the inattentive. Little is known about the developmental relationships underlying these subtypes. The objective of this study was to describe the development of parent-reported hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention symptoms from childhood to…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Twins, Family Size, Psychopathology
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Orsmond, Gael I.; Lin, Ling-Yi; Seltzer, Marsha Mailick – Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2007
We examined types of disabilities in siblings from a large sample of families of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and the impact of another child with a disability on maternal and family well-being. The most frequent disabilities in siblings were attention and hyperactivity (4.6%) and autism spectrum (2.4%) disorders and…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Child Rearing, Adolescents, Siblings
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Jokela, Markus; Power, Chris; Kivimaki, Mika – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: Childhood externalizing and internalizing behaviors have been associated with injury risk in childhood and adolescence, but it is unknown whether this association continues to hold in adulthood. We examined whether externalizing and internalizing behaviors expressed in childhood predict injuries in childhood, adolescence, and…
Descriptors: Social Class, Family Size, Injuries, Children
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Langton, Emma Gore; Collishaw, Stephan; Goodman, Robert; Pickles, Andrew; Maughan, Barbara – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: While there is considerable evidence of income gradients in child and adolescent behaviour problems, evidence relating to children and young people's emotional difficulties is more mixed. Older studies reported no income differentials, while recent reports suggest that adolescents from low-income families are more likely to experience…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Low Income, Family Income, Risk
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Moshoeshoe, Ramaele – Education Economics, 2019
This paper examines the effect of birth order on educational attainment in Lesotho. Using family fixed effects models, I find robust negative birth order effects on educational attainment. These results are in sharp contrast with the evidence from many developing countries, but are consistent with that from developed countries. Further, these…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Birth Order, Educational Attainment, Family Size
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Tashakkori, Abbas; And Others – Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1987
Examined questionnaire data pertaining to intended age of marriage and desired family size from Iranian 12th graders. Proximal factors (individual level variables such as self-concept and school success) were stronger predictors on both dependent measures than were distal factors (parental education, sibling size, and family modernity). Proximal…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavioral Objectives, Chronological Age, Family Size
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Bell, Nancy J.; Avery, Arthur W. – Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1985
Surveyed older adolescents (N=2,313) to examine the effects of family size, birth order, and sibling spacing and gender upon perceptions of parent-adolescent relationships. Using the analysis of techniques of past studies, significant associations were found for family size, birth order, and spacing, although the effect sizes were quite small.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Birth Order, College Freshmen, Effect Size
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Wickrama, K. A. S.; Noh, Samuel; Bryant, Chalandra M. – Journal of Community Psychology, 2005
Using a sample of 15,885 adolescents derived from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examined (1) unique additive influences of race, family, and community and (2) various multiplicative influences among race, family, and community factors on adolescent distress. Community characteristics such as community poverty and…
Descriptors: African American Children, Community Characteristics, Race, Poverty
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Boomsma, Dorret I.; van Beijsterveld, T. C. E. M.; Beem, A. L.; Hoekstra, R. A.; Polderman, T. J. C.; Bartels, M. – Intelligence, 2008
The relation between intelligence and birth order was shown in a recent publication [Bjerkedal, T., Kristensen, P., Skjeret, G. A. & Brevik, J. I. (2007). Intelligence test scores and birth order among young Norwegian men (conscripts) analyzed within and between families. "Intelligence," 35, 503-514] to be negative. Subjects in this…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Twins, Females, Family Size
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