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Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul; Salvanes, Kjell – Centre for the Economics of Education (NJ1), 2005
There is an extensive theoretical literature that postulates a trade off between child quantity and quality within a family. However, there is little causal evidence that speaks to this theory. Using a rich dataset on the entire population of Norway over an extended period of time, we examine the effects of family size and birth order on the…
Descriptors: Family Size, Economics, Educational Attainment, Birth Order
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Haj-Yahia, Muhammad M.; Abdo-Kaloti, Rula – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2003
This examination of exposure of Palestinian adolescents to family violence found alarming rates of witnessing interparental and experiencing parent-to-child aggression and violence. Rates correlated with parents' levels of education, place of residence, family size, religious affiliation, family income, and housing conditions, as well as with…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Aggression, Child Abuse, Demography
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Langton, Emma Gore; Collishaw, Stephan; Goodman, Robert; Pickles, Andrew; Maughan, Barbara – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: While there is considerable evidence of income gradients in child and adolescent behaviour problems, evidence relating to children and young people's emotional difficulties is more mixed. Older studies reported no income differentials, while recent reports suggest that adolescents from low-income families are more likely to experience…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Low Income, Family Income, Risk
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Wickrama, K. A. S.; Noh, Samuel; Bryant, Chalandra M. – Journal of Community Psychology, 2005
Using a sample of 15,885 adolescents derived from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examined (1) unique additive influences of race, family, and community and (2) various multiplicative influences among race, family, and community factors on adolescent distress. Community characteristics such as community poverty and…
Descriptors: African American Children, Community Characteristics, Race, Poverty
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Watkins, David; Astilla, Estela – Journal of Genetic Psychology, 1980
Investigates the relationship between birth order and self-esteem among 209 11- to 13-year-old girls attending a private high school in the central Philippines. The Self-Esteem Inventory was used to measure self-esteem. No evidence of any influence of birth order, family size, or their interaction with self-esteem was found. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Birth Order, Children, Family Characteristics
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Romero, Rocio Herrero; Cluver, Lucie; Hall, James; Steinert, Janina – Education as Change, 2018
No quantitative studies to date have specifically focused on the risk and protective factors for the educational resilience of socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents who are not of compulsory school age in South Africa. This study compares the educational delay of 599 black adolescents aged 16 to 18 from socioeconomically disadvantaged…
Descriptors: Economically Disadvantaged, Adolescents, Institutional Characteristics, Family Characteristics
Rehberg, Richard A. – 1967
The responses of 2852 Pennsylvanian urban male high school sophomores are used to investigate the relationship between adolescent occupational and educational aspirations and expectations and parental educational discrepancies, and between educational expectations and ordinal position. The mobility orientations of both middle- and working-class…
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Adolescents, Birth Order, Educational Mobility
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Alwin, Duane F.; Thornton, Arland – American Sociological Review, 1984
Compares the effects on high school achievement of family socioeconomic factors present during students' early childhood and during students' late adolescence. Results point to the potentially stronger role in cognitive development and school learning of early socioeconomic factors, except in the case of family size. (RDN)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Cognitive Development, Family Characteristics
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Carolan, Brian V. – Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2012
In an effort to enhance both adolescents' social capital and increase achievement, public school districts across the United States have created small high schools. Using data derived from a longitudinal and nationally representative study of U.S. high school students, the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002, results show that when adolescents'…
Descriptors: High Schools, Family Characteristics, Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement
Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Svensson, Allan. – 1982
This paper investigates interactions between family size and social class with respect to intellectual achievement. One purpose of the paper is to study the limits to the applicability of the "confluence model" proposed by Zajonc and Markus; another is to investigate methods for studying interactions between variables. The study includes…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Analysis of Variance, Family Characteristics
Williams, Trevor; And Others – 1981
A study examined the educational and occupational plans of Australian fourteen-year-olds as part of program of research on the transition to adulthood. A twenty-item questionnaire was administered to 969 students in 243 schools across Australia. The questionnaire contained items pertaining to respondents' State of residence, school system…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Basic Skills, Demography
Levine, Judith A.; Pollack, Harold – 2002
This study used linked maternal-child data from the 1997-1998 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to explore the wellbeing of children born to teenage mothers. Two econometric techniques explored the causal impact of early childbearing on subsequent child and adolescent outcomes. First, a fixed-effect, cousin-comparison analysis controlled for…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Child Welfare, Children
Kenkel, William F. – 1981
Educational and occupational goals of low-income rural youth in 6 Southern states were studied longitudinally by administering questionnaires to entire fifth and sixth grade classes in 28 schools and, 6 years later, by locating the same students to again answer questionnaires. Completed questionnaires for both 1969 and 1975 were obtained from 702…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Adolescents, Blacks, Elementary Secondary Education
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Nielsen, Francois – Social Forces, 2006
The classic ("status attainment") model of educational and occupational attainment suffers from three related shortcomings when used as a tool for comparative or policy-oriented research on social mobility: (1) ambiguity of model parameters as measures of opportunity for achievement vs. ascription; (2) vulnerability to incomplete specification of…
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Models, Family Characteristics
Brekke, Beverly; Williams, John – 1980
The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to investigate the appropriateness of Piagetian tasks for a comparative assessment of the cognitive development of rural and semi-urban Senegalese youth; and (2) to determine relationships among selected social and environmental factors affecting Senegalese youth. Fifty semi-urban and 50 rural area…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Children, Comparative Analysis
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