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Showing 1 to 15 of 31 results Save | Export
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Ponczek, Vladimir; Souza, Andre Portela – Journal of Human Resources, 2012
This paper presents new evidence of the causal effect of family size on child quality in a developing-country context. We estimate the impact of family size on child labor and educational outcomes among Brazilian children and young adults by exploring the exogenous variation of family size driven by the presence of twins in the family. Using the…
Descriptors: Females, Family Size, Males, Human Capital
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Silles, Mary A. – Economics of Education Review, 2010
This article, using longitudinal data from the National Child Development Study, presents new evidence on the effects of family size and birth order on test scores and behavioral development at age 7, 11 and 16. Sibling size is shown to have an adverse causal effect on test scores and behavioral development. For any given family size, first-borns…
Descriptors: Family Size, Birth Order, Scores, Child Development
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Al-Shahomee, Alsedig Abdalgadr; Lynn, Richard; Abdalla, Saleh El-ghmary – Intelligence, 2013
The Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) was administered to a sample of 592 16 year old school students in Libya. There was a small negative correlation of -0.14 between SPM scores and the number of siblings, indicating only marginal dysgenic fertility. Supplementary material giving the data is given online. (Contains 1 table.)
Descriptors: Intelligence, Foreign Countries, Family Size, Siblings
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Kirkcaldy, Bruce; Furnham, Adrian; Siefen, Georg – School Psychology International, 2009
A sample of around 2,500 adolescents in a child and adolescent psychiatry clinic in the region of Munster, Germany had their intelligence assessed. Family size (total number of siblings within a family) was significantly correlated with intelligence score categories (-0.08 and -0.19 for males and females). First borns and only children displayed…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Siblings, Family Size, Psychiatry
Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul; Salvanes, Kjell – Centre for the Economics of Education (NJ1), 2005
There is an extensive theoretical literature that postulates a trade off between child quantity and quality within a family. However, there is little causal evidence that speaks to this theory. Using a rich dataset on the entire population of Norway over an extended period of time, we examine the effects of family size and birth order on the…
Descriptors: Family Size, Economics, Educational Attainment, Birth Order
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Levin, Kate A.; Kirby, Joanna; Currie, Candace – Health Education Research, 2012
Family structure is associated with a range of adolescent risk behaviours, with those living in both parent families generally faring best. This study describes the association between family structure and adolescent risk behaviours and assesses the role of the family meal. Data from the 2006 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children survey were…
Descriptors: Smoking, Females, Marijuana, Drinking
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Utter, Jennifer; Denny, Simon; Robinson, Elizabeth; Fleming, Terry; Ameratunga, Shanthi; Grant, Sue – Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 2013
Objective: To examine the relationship between family meals and nutrition behaviors of adolescents. Design: Secondary analysis of Youth'07, a nationally representative survey. Setting: Secondary schools in New Zealand. Participants: Randomly selected adolescents (aged 13-17 years, n = 9,107) completed a multimedia and anonymous survey about their…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Foreign Countries, Nutrition Instruction, Obesity
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Keijsers, Loes; Voelkle, Manuel C.; Maciejewski, Dominique; Branje, Susan; Koot, Hans; Hiemstra, Marieke; Meeus, Wim – Developmental Psychology, 2016
This study aimed to gain a better understanding of the normative declines in adolescent disclosure and maternal knowledge over the course of adolescence, by assessing the underlying monitoring processes. Multilevel structural equation models were applied to 15 assessments among 479 families across 5 years (13 years at T1, 57% boys, 11% low…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Self Disclosure (Individuals), Mothers
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Langton, Emma Gore; Collishaw, Stephan; Goodman, Robert; Pickles, Andrew; Maughan, Barbara – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: While there is considerable evidence of income gradients in child and adolescent behaviour problems, evidence relating to children and young people's emotional difficulties is more mixed. Older studies reported no income differentials, while recent reports suggest that adolescents from low-income families are more likely to experience…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Low Income, Family Income, Risk
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Goodwin, Amanda P.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Cho, Sun-Joo – Reading Research Quarterly, 2013
The current study uses a crossed random-effects item response model to simultaneously examine both reader and word characteristics and interactions between them that predict the reading of 39 morphologically complex words for 221 middle school students. Results suggest that a reader's ability to read a root word (e.g., "isolate") predicts that…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Morphemes, Semantics, Reading Comprehension
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Boomsma, Dorret I.; van Beijsterveld, T. C. E. M.; Beem, A. L.; Hoekstra, R. A.; Polderman, T. J. C.; Bartels, M. – Intelligence, 2008
The relation between intelligence and birth order was shown in a recent publication [Bjerkedal, T., Kristensen, P., Skjeret, G. A. & Brevik, J. I. (2007). Intelligence test scores and birth order among young Norwegian men (conscripts) analyzed within and between families. "Intelligence," 35, 503-514] to be negative. Subjects in this…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Twins, Females, Family Size
Fraser, Jasmine J. – ProQuest LLC, 2018
Problem: Though widespread studies have been conducted on the psycho-socio-cultural effects of family systems functioning on individuals' developmental outcomes, there is limited discussion on the direct correlations between family relational encounters and adolescents' development of faith and life values. The effects of dialectical interplay…
Descriptors: Religious Factors, Beliefs, Family Relationship, Individual Development
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Kjellstrand, Jean M.; Eddy, J. Mark – Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 2011
Over the past several decades, the number of youth with parents in prison in the United States has increased substantially. Findings thus far indicate that they are a vulnerable group of children. Using prospective longitudinal data gathered as part of the population-based Linking the Interests of Families and Teachers (LIFT) randomized controlled…
Descriptors: Youth Problems, Delinquency, Family Income, Correctional Institutions
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Bakhtavar, Mohammad; Bayova, Rana – Educational Research and Reviews, 2015
The present study aims to investigate the effects of intra-family parameters; educative styles and academic knowledge of parents and their economic condition on teenagers' personality and behavior. The present study is a descriptive survey. The statistical sample of the study included 166 teenage students from Baku, Azerbaijan and 332 of their…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Personality Traits, Parents, Behavior
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Andersen, Mikkel P.; Mortensen, Rikke N.; Vardinghus-Nielsen, Henrik; Franch, Jesper; Torp-Pedersen, Christian; Bøggild, Henrik – Journal of School Health, 2016
Background: Time spent on physical activity in elementary school has been altered to improve core academics. However, little is known about the relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement. We examined the association between physical fitness and academic achievement and investigated the influence of parental socioeconomic status…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Foreign Countries, Correlation, Academic Achievement
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