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Ryabov, Igor – Youth & Society, 2018
The present study used nationally representative data from the U.S. Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) merged with census-track data from the American Community Survey (ACS) to model race-ethnic disparities in overweight, obesity, and obesity-related disease among children and adolescents as a function of neighborhood race-ethnic segregation,…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Obesity, Racial Differences, Ethnicity
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Elliott, Gregory C.; Cunningham, Susan M.; Colangelo, Melissa; Gelles, Richard J. – Journal of Family Issues, 2011
Mattering is the extent to which people believe they make a difference in the world around them. This study hypothesizes that adolescents who believe they matter less to their families will more likely threaten or engage in intrafamily physical violence. The data come from a national sample of 2,004 adolescents. Controlling for respondents' age,…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Adolescents, Family Environment, Family Relationship
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Larsson, Henrik; Dilshad, Rezin; Lichtenstein, Paul; Barker, Edward D. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: DSM-IV specifies three ADHD subtypes; the combined, the hyperactive-impulsive and the inattentive. Little is known about the developmental relationships underlying these subtypes. The objective of this study was to describe the development of parent-reported hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention symptoms from childhood to…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Twins, Family Size, Psychopathology
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Boomsma, Dorret I.; van Beijsterveld, T. C. E. M.; Beem, A. L.; Hoekstra, R. A.; Polderman, T. J. C.; Bartels, M. – Intelligence, 2008
The relation between intelligence and birth order was shown in a recent publication [Bjerkedal, T., Kristensen, P., Skjeret, G. A. & Brevik, J. I. (2007). Intelligence test scores and birth order among young Norwegian men (conscripts) analyzed within and between families. "Intelligence," 35, 503-514] to be negative. Subjects in this…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Twins, Females, Family Size
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Shakoor, Sania; Jaffee, Sara R.; Bowes, Lucy; Ouellet-Morin, Isabelle; Andreou, Penelope; Happe, Francesca; Moffitt, Terrie E.; Arseneault, Louise – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2012
Background: Theory of mind (ToM) allows the understanding and prediction of other people's behaviours based on their mental states (e.g. beliefs). It is important for healthy social relationships and thus may contribute towards children's involvement in bullying. The present study investigated whether children involved in bullying during early…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Child Abuse, Bullying, Economically Disadvantaged
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Hudson, Alan; Reece, John; Cameron, Christine; Matthews, Jan – Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 2009
Background: Previous research has reported on the effectiveness of the Signposts program for supporting families of children with an intellectual disability and difficult behaviour (Hudson et al., 2003; Hudson, Cameron, & Matthews, 2008). This paper reports on an investigation of the extent to which child characteristics moderate the…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Mental Retardation, Program Effectiveness, Effect Size
Scholastic Inc., 2015
This report presents the 5th Edition of Scholastic's biannual study of children's and parents' attitudes and behaviors about reading. The latest research touches on reading aloud to children of all ages, the impact of reading independently for fun at school and at home, the importance of frequent reading, and the books children want most to read.…
Descriptors: Childhood Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Parent Attitudes, Reading Attitudes
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Seto, Michael C.; Lalumiere, Martin L. – Psychological Bulletin, 2010
We tested special and general explanations of male adolescent sexual offending by conducting a meta-analysis of 59 independent studies comparing male adolescent sex offenders (n = 3,855) with male adolescent non-sex offenders (n = 13,393) on theoretically derived variables reflecting general delinquency risk factors (antisocial tendencies),…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Family Relationship, Interpersonal Competence, Antisocial Behavior
Scholastic Inc., 2013
This report presents the 4th Edition of Scholastic's biannual study of children's and parents' attitudes and behaviors about reading. Much has changed since the first "Kids & Family Reading Report" was issued in 2006, but literacy remains the critical skill needed for school success. Today's children are growing up in a world full of…
Descriptors: Childhood Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Parent Attitudes, Reading Attitudes
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Luhmann, Maike; Hawkley, Louise C. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Contrary to common stereotypes, loneliness is not restricted to old age but can occur at any life stage. In this study, we used data from a large, nationally representative German study (N = 16,132) to describe and explain age differences in loneliness from late adolescence to oldest old age. The age distribution of loneliness followed a complex…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Psychological Patterns, Adolescents, Adults
US Department of Health and Human Services, 2005
Over 530,000 children are in foster care in the United States, living in a variety of settings, including non-relative foster homes, the homes of relatives, and group homes. However, little research has been available to provide a national picture of the circumstances in which these children reside. The National Survey of Child and Adolescent…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Caregivers, Group Homes, Foster Care
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Ferguson, Gail M.; Hafen, Christopher A.; Laursen, Brett – Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2010
Actual-ideal discrepancies are associated with adolescent emotional distress and there is evidence that the size of discrepancies matters. However, the direction of discrepancies has not been examined, perhaps due to limitations of widely used self-discrepancy measures. Two hundred and twelve 7th, 9th and 11th grade students (59% female) in a…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Friendship, Adolescents, Foreign Countries
Fortuny, Karina; Capps, Randy; Simms, Margaret; Chaudry, Ajay – Urban Institute (NJ1), 2009
Up-to-date state information on the characteristics and population size of children of immigrants is essential for planning and implementing educational, health, housing, labor, and other social programs that affect children, their families, and other residents. This brief, a companion to the Urban Institute's new interactive Children of…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Community Surveys, Immigrants, Children
Brekke, Beverly; Williams, John – 1980
The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to investigate the appropriateness of Piagetian tasks for a comparative assessment of the cognitive development of rural and semi-urban Senegalese youth; and (2) to determine relationships among selected social and environmental factors affecting Senegalese youth. Fifty semi-urban and 50 rural area…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Hershkowitz, Irit – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2011
Objectives: A commonly cited risk factor for sexually intrusive behavior (SIB) among children and adolescents is a history of abuse. Based on a large and non-clinical nationwide sample of children who were investigated as abuse victims and suspects of SIBs in Israel over a decade, the present study examines the rate of abuse history among child…
Descriptors: Siblings, Child Abuse, Family Characteristics, Risk
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