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Hayes, Stephanie A.; Watson, Shelley L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Researchers commonly report that families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience more parenting stress than families of typically developing (TD) children or those diagnosed with other disabilities [e.g., Down syndrome (DS), cerebral palsy, intellectual disability]. The authors reexamined the research using comparison groups to…
Descriptors: Parents, Autism, Child Rearing, Cerebral Palsy
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Azad, Gazi F.; Singh, Vini; Kalb, Luke; Pinkett-Davis, Melanie; Landa, Rebecca – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We examined factors contributing to initial appointment attendance, alignment between parents' pre-visit and clinicians' diagnostic impressions, and family commitment to follow-ups at an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) specialty clinic. Sample sizes were n = 6558 (initial), n = 1430 (alignment), and n = 1353 (follow-up). Parents completed surveys…
Descriptors: Family Characteristics, Children, Predictor Variables, Autism
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Cosbey, Joanna; Muldoon, Deirdre – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a family-centered feeding intervention, Easing Anxiety Together with Understanding and Perseverance (EAT-UP™), for promoting food acceptance of children with autism spectrum disorder at home. A concurrent multiple-baseline design was used with systematic replication across three families. Baseline was…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Program Evaluation, Program Effectiveness
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Hartley, Matthew; Dorstyn, Diana; Due, Clemence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Mindfulness-based therapies are rising in popularity. However, evidence for their effectiveness in reducing psychological distress and enhancing wellbeing for families living with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. A systematic search identified 10 independent studies, involving a pooled sample of 233 children and adults with ASD and 241…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Well Being, Psychological Patterns, Autism
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Anderson, Connie; Butt, Catherine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
There is limited information on outcomes for young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), including achievement at college. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 18 families reporting a degree-seeking college experience for their young adult with ASD. Interview transcripts were analyzed using a grounded theory approach. Four themes…
Descriptors: Young Adults, College Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Vismara, Laurie A.; McCormick, Carolyn E. B.; Shields, Rebecca; Hessl, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This is the first study to evaluate an autism intervention model, the parent-delivered Early Start Denver Model (P-ESDM), for young children with fragile X syndrome (FXS), a known genetic disorder associated with autism spectrum disorder. Four parent-child dyads participated in a low-intensity, parent coaching model of the P-ESDM to evaluate…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Early Intervention
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Vaccarino, Flora M.; Grigorenko, Elena L.; Smith, Karen Muller; Stevens, Hanna E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
Increased brain size is common in children with autism spectrum disorders. Here we propose that an increased number of cortical excitatory neurons may underlie the increased brain volume, minicolumn pathology and excessive network excitability, leading to sensory hyper-reactivity and seizures, which are often found in autism. We suggest that…
Descriptors: Autism, Brain, Genetics
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Cohrs, Austin C.; Leslie, Douglas L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Previous studies showing that Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in children can have secondary effects on the child's parents are limited by small sample sizes and parent self-report. We examined the odds of depression in parents of children with ASD compared to parents of children without ASD using a large national claims database. Mothers (OR 2.95,…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Parent Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Welterlin, Aurelie; Turner-Brown, Lauren M.; Harris, Sandra; Mesibov, Gary; Delmolino, Lara – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
The study evaluated the efficacy a parent training intervention for children with autism based on the TEACCH model. Twenty families were randomly assigned to the treatment or waitlist group. All families were compared at pre- and post-treatment on formal dependent measures. Direct measures of behavior were compared across six matched pairs using a…
Descriptors: Autism, Statistical Analysis, Home Programs, Parent Education
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Lau, Winnie Yu-Pow; Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Chiu, Yen-Nan; Wu, Yu-Yu – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The link between parental autistic tendency and anxiety symptoms was studied in 491 Taiwanese couples raising biological children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Parental autistic tendency as measured by Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) was associated with anxiety symptoms across all domains. Large effect sizes were found in social phobia and…
Descriptors: Autism, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Parents, Heredity
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White, Susan W.; Ollendick, Thomas; Albano, Anne Marie; Oswald, Donald; Johnson, Cynthia; Southam-Gerow, Michael A.; Kim, Inyoung; Scahill, Lawrence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Anxiety is common among adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and may amplify the core social disability, thus necessitating combined treatment approaches. This pilot, randomized controlled trial evaluated the feasibility and preliminary outcomes of the Multimodal Anxiety and Social Skills Intervention (MASSI) program in a sample of 30…
Descriptors: Intervention, Adolescents, Anxiety, Interpersonal Competence
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McCanlies, Erin C.; Fekedulegn, Desta; Mnatsakanova, Anna; Burchfiel, Cecil M.; Sanderson, Wayne T.; Charles, Luenda E.; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Both self-report and industrial hygienist (IH) assessed parental occupational information were used in this pilot study in which 174 families (93 children with ASD and 81 unaffected children) enrolled in the Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and Environment study participated. IH results indicated exposures to lacquer, varnish, and xylene…
Descriptors: Parents, Genetics, Autism, Etiology
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Mates, Thomas E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1990
This study examined the relationship between (1) sex and family size of 33 siblings of autistic children; and (2) siblings' performance on achievement, self-concept, home behavior, and school behavior measures. Overall, the siblings' performance was not suggestive of a need for special intervention. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Autism, Behavior Development, Family Size
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Rodrigue, James R.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1991
This study compared the adaptive behaviors of 20 autistic, 20 Down's syndrome, and 20 normal children matched on age equivalent adaptive behavior, gender, race, birth order, family size, and socioeconomic status. The autistic children displayed significant and pervasive deficits in the acquisition of adaptive social skills and greater variability…
Descriptors: Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled), Adolescents, Autism, Behavior Development
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Folstein, Susan E.; Bisson, Erica; Santangelo, Susan L.; Piven, Joseph – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1998
Identifies difficulties in the task of finding the genes involved in causing autism, such as the unknown mechanism of inheritance, small size of families with an autistic child, the rarity of parent-child pairs, and the large number of genes that may be involved. Several strategies for finding relevant genes are discussed. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Autism, Epidemiology, Family Size, Genetics
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