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Falbo, Toni; Richman, Charles L. – 1977
Several hypotheses regarding the determinants of need achievement were examined. In addition to predicting sex differences, the study predicted that father's age would be inversely related to need achievement. In addition, the effects of family size and birth order on achievement motivation were compared. Subjects were 1,092 undergraduates (785…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, Birth Order, Family Attitudes
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Falbo, Toni – 1980
The associations between growing up in a family disrupted by divorce and the interpersonal orientations of young adults were investigated in a survey of white college students (N=1720). The majority of subjects (89%) came from intact homes. Subjects from divorced families (N=106) had a more external locus of control and felt lonelier than those…
Descriptors: Birth Order, Childhood Needs, Divorce, Family Problems
Falbo, Toni – 1977
This study explores and evaluates the explanations for apparent exception to the family size rule that IQ and family size are inversely related. Three large-scale studies were consistent in placing only children lower than firstborns from two-, three-, and four-child families, and at about the same level as firstborns from a five-child family. The…
Descriptors: Birth Order, Child Development, Cross Age Teaching, Family (Sociological Unit)
Falbo, Toni – 1983
The increase in one child families in the 1980's is analogous to the one child family rate during the Depression years. Although family size was limited for economic reasons during the Depression, current increases in the number of one child families are attributed to advances in contraceptive technology, increased employment of women, inhibiting…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Affiliation Need, Child Development, Child Psychology
Falbo, Toni – 1980
Many psychological theories point to the importance of siblings in individual personality development. The impact of sibling status on interpersonal and achievement orientation was examined with undergraduates (N=1782) who completed a series of objective personality measures and a background questionnaire. Sibling status was defined in terms of…
Descriptors: Achievement, Birth Order, Competition, Egocentrism
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Polit, Denise F.; Falbo, Toni – Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1987
Conducted quantitative review of literature on the personality characteristics of only children. Combined results of 141 studies and found that only children scored significantly better than other groups in achievement motivation and personal adjustment. Overall, however, the review indicated that only children were comparable in most respects to…
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Adjustment (to Environment), Child Development, Comparative Analysis
Polit, Denise F.; Falbo, Toni – 1985
The present study involved a meta-analysis of 157 studies in which only children were compared with individuals raised with siblings. Findings failed to confirm the persistent negative stereotype of only children as maladjusted and disadvantaged. In fact, results suggested that only children are advantaged with respect to intelligence, educational…
Descriptors: Birth Order, Child Development, Comparative Analysis, Ethnicity
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Falbo, Toni; Poston, Dudley L., Jr. – Child Development, 1993
Surveyed 4,000 third and sixth graders and their parents and teachers, from 4 Chinese provinces. Found that, although only children scored higher on tests of verbal ability, were taller, and weighed more than firstborn and later born children, other measures of academic and personality development were similar between the groups. (MDM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Birth Order, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Poston, Dudley L., Jr.; Falbo, Toni – American Journal of Sociology, 1990
Using data from a 1987 survey of 1,460 schoolchildren, their parents and teachers, in urban and rural areas of Changchun, China, examines academic and personality outcomes in only children. Finds results similar to Western surveys: only children are more likely to be academically talented. Reveals, however, Chinese rural only children do not score…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Birth Order, Comparative Analysis