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Branigan, Amelia R. – Sociology of Education, 2017
In this study I hypothesize a larger penalty of obesity on teacher-assessed academic performance for white girls in English, where femininity is privileged, than in math, where stereotypical femininity is perceived to be a detriment. This pattern of associations would be expected if obesity largely influences academic performance through social…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys, Obesity, Academic Achievement
Lipsey, Mark W.; Farran, Dale C.; Hofer, Kerry G. – Peabody Research Institute, 2015
In 2009, Vanderbilt University's Peabody Research Institute, in coordination with the Tennessee Department of Education's Division of Curriculum and Instruction, initiated a rigorous, independent evaluation of the state's Voluntary Prekindergarten program (TN- VPK). TN-VPK is a full-day prekindergarten program for four-year-old children expected…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Outcomes of Education, Randomized Controlled Trials, State Programs
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Stuhlman, Megan W.; Pianta, Robert C. – Elementary School Journal, 2009
In the present study, we present analyzed profiles of observed classroom experiences in terms of emotional and instructional dimensions of quality. Over 800 first-grade classrooms across the United States were included, selected by virtue of having a student participating in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of…
Descriptors: Class Size, Observation, Child Health, Educational Quality
Bloom, Howard S.; Weiland, Christina – MDRC, 2015
This paper uses data from the Head Start Impact Study (HSIS), a nationally representative multisite randomized trial, to quantify variation in effects of Head Start during 2002-2003 on children's cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes relative to the effects of other local alternatives, including parent care. We find that (1) treatment and control…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Program Effectiveness, Early Intervention, At Risk Students
Bartik, Timothy J. – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2013
This paper uses a regression discontinuity model to examine the effects on kindergarten entrance assessments of the Kalamazoo County Ready 4s (KC Ready 4s) program, a half-day pre-K program for four-year-olds in Kalamazoo County, Michigan. The results are based on test scores and other characteristics of up to 220 children participating in KC…
Descriptors: Public Schools, School Districts, Enrollment Trends, Student Characteristics
Lipsey, Mark W.; Hofer, Kerry G.; Dong, Nianbo; Farran, Dale C.; Bilbrey, Carol – Peabody Research Institute, 2013
In 2009, Vanderbilt University's Peabody Research Institute, with the assistance of the Tennessee Department of Education's Division of Curriculum and Instruction, initiated a rigorous, independent evaluation of the state's Voluntary Prekindergarten program (TN- VPK). TN-VPK is a full-day prekindergarten program for four-year-old children expected…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Outcomes of Education, Randomized Controlled Trials, State Programs
West, Jerry; Malone, Lizabeth; Hulsey, Lara; Aikens, Nikki; Tarullo, Louisa – Administration for Children & Families, 2010
The Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES), sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (ACF), was first launched in 1997 as a periodic longitudinal study of program performance. This report is the fourth in a series that uses data from the FACES 2006 cohort to describe…
Descriptors: Class Size, School Readiness, Disadvantaged Youth, Kindergarten
Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen S.; Mokrova, Irina L.; Anderson, Treshawn L. – FPG Child Development Institute, 2017
The purpose of the 2015-2016 NC Pre-Kindergarten (NC Pre-K) Evaluation study was to examine the long-term effects of participation in NC Pre-K at the end of kindergarten. Two groups of children were compared--those who attended NC Pre-K (treatment) and those who had not attended NC Pre-K (comparison). Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Kindergarten
Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen S.; Schaaf, Jennifer M.; Hildebrandt, Lisa M.; Pan, Yi – FPG Child Development Institute, 2015
This the executive summary of the 2013-2014 study which provided the baseline year for the longitudinal study. The study included observations of teaching practices in a random sample of 199 Georgia's Pre-K classrooms and assessments of the language, literacy, math, general knowledge, and behavior skills of a sample of 1,169 children attending…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Predictor Variables
Mueller, Daniel P.; And Others – 1996
This study compared the academic performance and classroom behavior of Hmong-refugee first and second graders to those of classmates from other ethnic backgrounds. Two cohorts of children and families from six inner-city Saint Paul (Minnesota) elementary schools participated in this ongoing longitudinal study, for a total of 528 children entering…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Asian Americans, Attendance, Comparative Analysis
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Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Langill, Carolyn C.; Peterson, Carla A.; Luze, Gayle J.; Carta, Judith J.; Atwater, Jane B. – Early Education and Development, 2010
This study examined relations among children's individual experiences, global classroom quality, and school readiness. Preschool children from low-income backgrounds (N = 138; M = 62.16 months; SD = 3.93; range = 55-70) were observed in their early care and education settings, and their language and cognitive skills were assessed. Research…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Disabilities, Preschool Children, Early Childhood Education
Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen S.; Schaaf, Jennifer M.; Hildebrandt, Lisa M.; Pan, Yi – FPG Child Development Institute, 2015
The purpose of the 2013-2014 Georgia's Pre-K Program Evaluation was to examine the learning outcomes for children and the quality of their classrooms during Pre-K, as the baseline year of the Pre-K through third-grade longitudinal study. The primary evaluation questions addressed included: (1) What are the learning outcomes for children attending…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Predictor Variables
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
The study reported in this paper examined the effects of “First Step to Success (First Step),” a school- and home-based program intended to improve outcomes for students with moderate to severe behavior problems who may be at risk for academic failure. The study took place in six locations across five states: San Jose, California; Tampa, Florida;…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Behavior Modification, Student Behavior
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Willson, Victor L.; Hughes, Jan N. – Elementary School Journal, 2009
A sample of 784 children with below-median literacy performance in kindergarten or at the beginning of grade 1 was assessed in 5 areas of psychological and social variables: academic competence, sociodemographic characteristics, social/emotional/behavioral characteristics, school context, and home environment. We examined the contribution of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Grade 1, Grade Repetition, Low Achievement