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Greenberg, J. – Science News, 1985
Small family size has a number of apparently positive effects on a child's intellectual development. Discusses trends in Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores which strongly parallel changes in American family size. Intelligence Quotient (IQ) scores also reflect family size and parent education level; larger families correlate with lower IQs. (DH)
Descriptors: Child Development, Cognitive Development, Family Size, Intelligence
Pellicano, Stephanie – 1979
The purpose of this study was to determine if verbal scores on the "Scholastic Aptitude Test" (SAT) were related to student birth order and number of siblings in the family. The SAT scores of 71 randomly chosen students of the 1978 graduating class of a suburban high school were classified by family size and class rank of student. Each…
Descriptors: Academic Aptitude, Birth Order, Correlation, Educational Research
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Zajonc, R. B. – American Psychologist, 1986
The confluence model shows the influence of family on intellectual growth. The decline of SAT scores is related to changing family patterns. Intellectual growth is lower for children with many siblings. The increase in average family size for the cohorts taking SATs between 1963 and 1980 caused scores to decline. (Author/VM)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Family Influence, Family Size, Intellectual Development
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Behrendt, Amy; And Others – Economics of Education Review, 1986
The determinants of Scholastic Aptitude Test scores are estimated for 1982 in a regression analysis correcting for the proportion of students taking the test. Schooling variables and statewide graduation standards proved insignificant. Demographic variables (family size and education levels) proved significant and help explain SAT score decline in…
Descriptors: Bias, Demography, Family Influence, Graduation Requirements
Anderson, David – Education Partnerships, Inc., 2010
Research has focused on four groups of factors and the achievement gap: (1) student characteristics (high school GPA, attendance patterns, courses taken in high school, participation in extra-curricular activities, etc.); (2) family characteristics (family structure, in home, parents' level of education, mobility, etc.); (3) school-based…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Student Characteristics, Achievement Gap, Grade Point Average
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Zajonc, R. B.; Bargh, John – American Psychologist, 1980
An analysis of data from three cohorts of college entrance candidates shows that only a negligible fraction of the decline in SAT scores can be explained by changes in family configuration. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Birth Order, College Admission, Family Characteristics, High School Seniors
Breland, Hunter M. – 1977
The hypothesis that the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) score decline is a result of changing American family sizes and configurations is explored. This possible explanation of declining SAT scores had been offered by Robert B. Zajonc in an article discussing the relation between family configuration and cognitive development. Since a number of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Birth Order, Cognitive Development, College Bound Students
Chen, Li – ProQuest LLC, 2009
Scholastic Aptitude Test, called SAT, has an immense influence in Chinese education. Most Chinese students choose to attend tutoring programs outside of the school curriculum to help them prepare. This study explores the tutoring programs both in China and the United States to assess variables that affect the quality of their preparation.…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, College Entrance Examinations, Academic Aptitude, Grade Point Average
Mattern, Krista D.; Patterson, Brian F. – College Board, 2009
This study examines the relationship between scores on the SAT and retention to the second year of college using student level data from the freshman class of 2006 at 106 four-year institutions. Results indicate that the SAT predicts second-year retention, with 95.5 percent of high performers returning but only 63.8 percent of low performers.…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, College Students, Correlation
Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2009
In an effort to continuously monitor the validity of the SAT for predicting first-year college grades, the College Board has continued its multi-year effort to recruit four-year colleges and universities (henceforth, "institutions") to provide data on the cohorts of first-time, first-year students entering in the fall semester beginning…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Prediction, Grades (Scholastic)
Earl, Archie W. – Online Submission, 2005
The purpose of this study was to conduct a critical analysis of (1) the disparities between the SAT scores of Black and White students, and Hispanic and White students, for 2004 and 2005 and (2) what those disparities suggest about the effectiveness of the State of Virginia "SOL" program and the Federal "No Child Left Behind"…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Federal Legislation, College Bound Students, White Students
Montoya, Silvia – RAND Corporation, 2010
The racial achievement gap has been at the center of the educational debate for decades in the United States. Although disparities in educational outcomes have declined in part of the 20th century, the process has stalled in this decade. For instance, in mathematics the gap in raw scores for students aged 13 has decline from 41 points in 1978 to…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Family Income, Educational Objectives, Achievement Gains
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Pope, Loren – Journal of College Admission, 2012
The four college years is the last important developmental period of a young person's life, and what happens then can and often does have substantial consequences. He can be awakened and fired up to develop himself and his talents, he can plod through largely untouched or unenlightened, he can be frustrated and turned off, he can transfer, or he…
Descriptors: College Choice, Misconceptions, Outcomes of Education, School Catalogs
Mattern, Krista D.; Patterson, Brian F. – College Board, 2006
The College Board formed a research consortium with four-year colleges and universities to build a national higher education database with the primary goal of validating the SAT®, which is used in college admission and consists of three sections: critical reading (SAT-CR), mathematics (SAT-M) and writing (SAT-W). This report builds on a body of…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Prediction, Grades (Scholastic)
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Snyder, Thomas D.; de Brey, Cristobal; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2019
The 2017 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 53rd in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education, Federal Aid, Educational Finance
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