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MacDonald, Mandi; McLoughlin, Priscilla – Child Care in Practice, 2016
This article combines practitioner insight and research evidence to chart how principles of partnership and paramountcy have led to birth family contact becoming the expected norm following contested adoption from care in Northern Ireland. The article highlights how practice has adapted to the delay in proposed reforms to adoption legislation…
Descriptors: Adoption, Family (Sociological Unit), Legal Responsibility, Parent Rights
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Petrill, Stephen A.; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Schatschneider, Christopher; Davis, Chayna – Infant and Child Development, 2007
Evidence from intervention studies, quantitative genetic and molecular genetic studies suggests that genetic, and to a lesser extent, shared environmental influences are important to the development of reading and related cognitive skills. The Northeast-Northwest Collaborative Adoption Projects (N2CAP) is a sample of 241 adoptive families,…
Descriptors: Evidence, Genetics, Parents, Family Environment
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Benson, Janel E.; Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick – Journal of Family Issues, 2009
This study examines the links between adolescent family context and coming to see oneself as an adult. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the authors investigate how adolescent family structure, resources, and processes together influence adult identity and whether they do so similarly for men and women. The…
Descriptors: Family Structure, Parent Child Relationship, Family Characteristics, Family Influence
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Erich, Stephen; Leung, Patrick; Kindle, Peter; Carter, Sharon – Journal of Family Social Work, 2005
Traditional legal and social forces have hindered the adoption of children by gay and lesbian individuals and couples. Using a convenience sample drawn from gay and lesbian support groups and Internet sites, this exploratory study examines adoptive families with gay and lesbian parents in terms of family functioning capabilities, child's behavior,…
Descriptors: Social Support Groups, Siblings, Family (Sociological Unit), Family Relationship
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Schwartz, Seth J.; Finley, Gordon E. – Journal of Family Issues, 2006
The present study was conducted to investigate differences in nurturant fathering, father involvement, and young adult psychosocial functioning among small samples of three nontraditional family forms. A total of 168 young-adult university students from three family forms (27 adoptive, 22 adoptive stepfather, 119 nonadoptive stepfather) completed…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Fathers, Adoption, Parent Child Relationship
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Tamášová, Viola; Barnová, Silvia – Acta Educationis Generalis, 2019
Introduction: The theoretical-empirical study is based on two particular case studies of families bringing up children from institutional care. It deals with the real needs of foster families, with the foster parents' perception of fostering and their experiences from the time spent with children in foster care, about the children's behaviour in…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Family Needs, Parent Attitudes, Experience
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O'Brien, Karen M.; Zamostny, Kathy P. – Counseling Psychologist, 2003
Contrary to societal stereotypes about adoption, this integrative review of published empirical research on adoptive families noted several positive and few negative out-comes with regard to satisfaction with the adoption, familial functioning, and parent-child communication. The critical analysis of 38 studies on adoptive families revealed a…
Descriptors: Psychologists, Criticism, Counseling Psychology, Cultural Influences
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McRoy, Ruth; Mica, Maryanne; Freundlich, Madelyn; Kroll, Joe – Child Welfare, 2007
The Multiethnic Placement Act of 1994 and the Interethnic Adoption Provisions of 1996 (MEPA-IEP) require states to develop plans that "provide for the diligent recruitment of potential foster and adoptive families that reflect the ethnic and racial diversity of children in the state for whom foster and adoptive homes are needed." This…
Descriptors: Recruitment, Placement, African American Children, Minority Group Children
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Carnes-Holt, Kara – Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 2012
Adopted children may present with a wide range of disruptive behaviors making it difficult to implement holistic therapeutic interventions. The number of primary caregivers, disrupted placements, and repeated traumatic events contribute to the overall mental health of the adoptee and greater number of occurrences increases the risk of…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Therapy, Parent Child Relationship, Adoption
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Beaupre, Adam J.; Reichwald, Reed; Zhou, Xiang; Raleigh, Elizabeth; Lee, Richard M. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2015
Adopted Korean adolescents face the task of grappling with their identity as Koreans and coming to terms with their adoptive status. In order to explore these dual identities, the authors conducted a person-centered study of the identity profiles of 189 adopted Korean American adolescents. Using cluster analytic procedures, the study examined…
Descriptors: Adoption, Adolescents, Adolescent Development, Korean Americans
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McClure, Marissa – Studies in Art Education: A Journal of Issues and Research in Art Education, 2014
Recent scholarship in art education has introduced complex discourses of mothering, m/othering curriculum, (m)others), m(other)work, family structures that confront myths of the nuclear family, non-Western motherhoods, and disability. Feminist artists and activists have long confronted cultural constructions of motherhood and the pregnant,…
Descriptors: Art Education, Mothers, Child Rearing, Educational Research
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Leve, Leslie D.; DeGarmo, David S.; Bridgett, David J.; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Harold, Gordon T.; Natsuaki, Misaki N.; Reiss, David – Developmental Psychology, 2013
Poor executive functioning has been implicated in children's concurrent and future behavioral difficulties, making work aimed at understanding processes related to the development of early executive function (EF) critical for models of developmental psychopathology. Deficits in EF have been associated with adverse prenatal experiences, genetic…
Descriptors: Psychopathology, Adoption, Genetics, Executive Function
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Crea, Thomas M.; Barth, Richard P. – Family Relations, 2009
Increased attention is being paid to open adoption arrangements between birth parents and adopted children and families. This study examines openness and contact among 469 adoptions at 14 years postadoption from the fourth wave of the California Long-Range Adoption Study (CLAS) and 378 adoptions matched across all waves. The proportion of families…
Descriptors: Public Agencies, Adoption, Parent Child Relationship, Birth
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Matthews, John D.; Cramer, Elizabeth P. – Child Welfare, 2006
Although a growing number of child placement agencies are serving lesbians and gay men, a dearth of literature exists for adoption agency policies and practices related to working with this population. This article explores the unique characteristics and strengths of prospective gay and lesbian adoptive parents throughout each of the three phases…
Descriptors: Adoption, Parents, Homosexuality, Heads of Households
Smith, Ellen M. – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Domestic transracial adoption has sparked more controversy than any other type of adoption. For the purposes of this study domestic transracial adoption is defined as European American parents adopting African American children. Many of the studies completed are contradictory and fail to control for variables that affect the outcome such as age of…
Descriptors: Adoption, Racial Differences, African Americans, Whites
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