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National Indian Child Abuse and Neglect Resource Center, Tulsa, OK. – 1980
In 1978 the Indian Child Welfare Act was passed which implemented new regulations regarding the removal of Indian children from their parents and their placement in residential and foster care or adoptive families or institutions. The 7-page information sheet provides guidelines in prevention of institutional child abuse and neglect of American…
Descriptors: American Indians, Child Abuse, Child Neglect, Child Welfare
Zokan delos Reyes, Louise – 1985
Written for social service workers involved with Indian child welfare cases in which adoption through a state court is being considered, this manual presents basic information about the requirements of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA) in cases of Indian adoption. Background material explains that the ICWA--intended to establish…
Descriptors: Adopted Children, Adoption, American Indians, Child Advocacy
Thunder Hawk, Anne – 2000
In 1978, federal legislation was passed to protect tribally enrolled or potentially enrollable American Indian children and prevent the breakup of Indian families. Prior to the passage of the Indian Child Welfare Act, it was estimated that one-quarter to one-third of all Indian children were being removed from their families. In this paper, an…
Descriptors: Adopted Children, American Indians, Early Experience, Ethnicity
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Johnson, Barbara Brooks – Child Welfare, 1981
Discusses the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA), intended to stabilize Indian families by reducing the number of Indian children placed in non-Indian adoptive or foster homes. The act established minimum federal standards for removal of Indian children and outlined procedures that aid their placement in homes reflecting Indian culture.…
Descriptors: Administrative Principles, Adoption, American Indians, Child Welfare
Anderson, Gary R., Ed.; Ryan, Angela Shen, Ed.; Leashore, Bogart R., Ed. – 1997
Recognizing the need for child welfare workers to appreciate the role of culture in a family's life, this book emphasizes the importance of the need for cultural knowledge, sensitivity, and skill on the part of caseworkers and policy makers for putting permanency and stability into the lives of at-risk children. The articles in the book are: (1)…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adoption, Adoptive Parents, American Indians
Bensen, Robert, Ed. – 2001
This collection of works by Native American writers reveals the political use by the U.S. and Canadian governments of schooling, adoption, and child welfare services to erase tribal identity and sovereignty. Seven tales in part 1 reflect various Native perspectives about the value and place of children in Native cultures. They provide background…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Adopted Children, American Indian Education, American Indians
Steward, Katy Jo – 1981
The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (I.C.W.A.) is federal legislation which preempts state law whenever Indian children may be removed from their families. The I.C.W.A. permits Indian tribal courts to decide the future of Indian children, establishes minimum federal standards for removal of Indian children from their families, requires that…
Descriptors: Adopted Children, Adoption, American Indian Culture, American Indians
National Indian Child Abuse and Neglect Resource Center, Tulsa, OK. – 1980
The information sheet, consisting of four pages, looks at the implementation of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 by presenting goals of welfare agencies working with Indian families, provisions of the Act, reasons for reluctancy of states to accept tribal jurisdiction of child welfare cases, and criteria for evaluating petitions for…
Descriptors: Agency Role, American Indians, Child Abuse, Child Advocacy
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs. – 1988
This Senate hearing produced testimony on how the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA) has been administered by government agencies and the courts. Three members of the Select Committee on Indian Affairs presented background information on the act's intent to confirm the tribe as the primary authority in matters involving an Indian child's…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adoption, Alaska Natives, American Indians
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Bussiere, Alice – Adoption Quarterly, 1998
Reviews the evolution of U.S. adoption law since 1851. Recounts changes in the perceived "best interests" of all members of the adoption triad over time, and growing recognition of links between adoption and child welfare policy. Discusses current controversies including open adoption, birth parents' rights, unmarried fathers, and the…
Descriptors: Adopted Children, Adoption, Adoptive Parents, Biological Parents