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ERIC Number: EJ971183
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Aug
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0010-0277
Source Memory Errors Associated with Reports of Posttraumatic Flashbacks: A Proof of Concept Study
Brewin, Chris R.; Huntley, Zoe; Whalley, Matthew G.
Cognition, v124 n2 p234-238 Aug 2012
Flashbacks are involuntary, emotion-laden images experienced by individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The qualities of flashbacks could under certain circumstances lead to source memory errors. Participants with PTSD wrote a trauma narrative and reported the experience of flashbacks. They were later presented with stimuli from flashback and non-flashback parts of their narrative, mixed with foils from the narrative of another participant, and judged whether they belonged to their own narrative. They also reported whether stimuli elicited a flashback during this recognition test. Overall reporting a flashback at test was associated with significantly better recognition performance. Flashbacks were occasionally reported to foil stimuli, which were then likely to be wrongly attributed to the person's own narrative. This provides proof of concept of a cognitive mechanism that could potentially account for some cases of false trauma memories. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A