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ERIC Number: ED584954
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 213
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-0-3558-2756-9
Misplaced Inadequacies: A Comparative Case Study of Three Students Struggling to Learn to Read
Paisner-Roffman, Heidi
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston College
Changes in policy and practice that originated with the 2004 Reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ([IDEA], US Department of Education) created systems that exposed students to earlier and more consistent research-based intervention (Fuchs & Vaughn, 2012) thereby reducing the rate and increasing the mean age of students diagnosed with learning disabilities. Despite these documented positive outcomes, research has identified 2--5 % of students who continue to demonstrate an "inadequate response" to evidence-based instruction that has been largely effective for their peers (Greulich et al., 2014). Little research has traced the educational histories of "inadequate responders," and no known case studies have included children's perspectives together with those of their parents and teachers. There is also a dearth of special education literature that is situated in private, faith-based schools where students function without all of the protections and structures of IDEA (Russo et. al., 2011; Scanlan, 2009a). This dissertation was an exploratory, comparative case study (Yin, 2014) of three third grade boys who were identified by their Catholic school staff as having demonstrated an inadequate response to intervention in reading. Each student was observed in a combination of his general education classroom and reading intervention periods, and interviews were conducted with the students and their parents and teachers. The learners' Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), test reports, and cumulative records were also analyzed. Findings indicated that the students' identification as inadequate responders did not accurately reflect their early reading experiences in which their instruction did not align with evidenced-based practices for students with learning disabilities (Ehri, Nunes, Stahl, & Willows, 2001). The students shared the deep emotional impact of past school-related events, and demonstrated patterns of sadness, anxiety, and avoidance during reading instruction. Parents and educators expressed their dedication to the students' achievement as well as their frustration with the lack of comprehensive on-site academic systems of support within the boys' schools. Implications for creating evidenced-based systems of intervention that honor and take into account the strengths and emotional-needs of students struggling to read are discussed. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A