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Smith, William C. – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2014
To ensure equal access to high quality education, the global expansion of universal basic education has included accountability measures in the form of academic tests. Presently the majority of countries participate in national testing; however, the past two decades have seen a substantial shift in test characteristics and aims. This article…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Global Approach, Standardized Tests, Educational History
Smith, William C., Ed. – Symposium Books, 2016
The past thirty years have seen a rapid expansion of testing, exposing students worldwide to tests that are now, more than ever, standardized and linked to high-stakes outcomes. The use of testing as a policy tool has been legitimized within international educational development to measure education quality in the vast majority of countries…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Testing, Educational Policy, High Stakes Tests