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ERIC Number: ED384762
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
University Extension: The Early Years in the United States 1885-1915. NUEA-ACT Series on Continuing Education.
Woytanowitz, George M.
University extension arose in England during the late 1860s as an adult education movement providing university-style education for all people. In the United States in the 1880s, university extension was only the latest in a series of ventures in schooling for adults. Adult education had existed in the colonial period, but the first widespread movement of schooling for adults was the lyceum, imported from England during the Jacksonian era. U.S. extension leaders could draw on a diverse background of adult education movements and emphasize either the practical training of colonial night schools or the cultural Chautauqua reading model. During the years 1890-1891, citizens of Philadelphia developed a powerful organization which controlled extension in the Middle Atlantic States. However, the American Society for the Extension of University Teaching failed to nationalize extension. In Wisconsin and Chicago, university extension sprang from a university and not an independent society. Kansas also experimented successfully with extension in the 1890s. Between 1892 and 1899, extension organized stable societies in Chicago, Wisconsin, and Philadelphia. At the turn of the century, U.S. education underwent significant alterations in theory and practice. The reform viewpoints of extension people became directed at urban problems. With the decline of the English system after 1900, university extension underwent a reorientation and served a useful role in developing the concept of education as leisure-time activity. (Contains 215 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Comparative Education, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational History, Extension Education, Leisure Time, Lifelong Learning, Universities
ACT Publications, P.O. Box 168, Iowa City, IA 52240.
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Univ. Extension Association, Washington, DC.; American Coll. Testing Program, Iowa City, IA. Research Div.