ERIC Number: EJ1081225
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Do Dynamic Facial Expressions Convey Emotions to Children Better than Do Static Ones?
Widen, Sherri C.; Russell, James A.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v16 n5 p802-811 2015
Past research has shown that children recognize emotions from facial expressions poorly and improve only gradually with age, but the stimuli in such studies have been static faces. Because dynamic faces include more information, it may well be that children more readily recognize emotions from dynamic facial expressions. The current study of children (N = 64, aged 5-10 years old) who freely labeled the emotion conveyed by static and dynamic facial expressions found no advantage of dynamic over static expressions; in fact, reliable differences favored static expressions. An alternative explanation of gradual improvement with age is that children's emotional categories change during development from a small number of broad emotion categories to a larger number of narrower categories--a pattern found here with both static and dynamic expressions.
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Children, Emotional Response, Age Differences, Hypothesis Testing, Pictorial Stimuli, Gender Differences, Motion, Video Technology
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1025563