ERIC Number: EJ928789
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Brief Report: Developing Spatial Frequency Biases for Face Recognition in Autism and Williams Syndrome
Leonard, Hayley C.; Annaz, Dagmara; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette; Johnson, Mark H.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v41 n7 p968-973 Jul 2011
The current study investigated whether contrasting face recognition abilities in autism and Williams syndrome could be explained by different spatial frequency biases over developmental time. Typically-developing children and groups with Williams syndrome and autism were asked to recognise faces in which low, middle and high spatial frequency bands were masked. All three groups demonstrated a gradual specialisation toward the mid-band. However, while the use of high spatial frequencies decreased in control and autism groups over development, the Williams syndrome group did not display a bias toward this band at any point. These data demonstrate that typical outcomes can be achieved through atypical developmental processes, and confirm the importance of cross-syndrome studies in the investigation of developmental disorders.
Descriptors: Autism, Mental Retardation, Congenital Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Children, Recognition (Psychology), Spatial Ability, Bias, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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