ERIC Number: EJ1026687
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Student Motivation for Learning in Ghana: Relationships with Caregivers' Values toward Education, Attendance, and Academic Achievement
McCoy, Dana Charles; Wolf, Sharon; Godfrey, Erin B.
School Psychology International, v35 n3 p294-308 Jun 2014
This study examined the role that Ghanaian caregivers' values toward education play in shaping students' intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation for learning, and the ways these values and motivational orientations predict school attendance and achievement. Study participants included 88 students (M?=?11.63 years; 48% female) from two primary schools in peri-urban Ghana and their 68 caregivers (M?=?40.02 years; 60% female). Results revealed that caregivers' perception of education as valuable was related to more intrinsically oriented profiles of motivation and higher attendance in students. Contrary to research results from Western contexts, students whose motivation was more extrinsically oriented attended school significantly more often than their intrinsically motivated peers. Finally, although attendance positively predicted academic achievement, neither caregiver values nor student motivational profiles were directly related to achievement. These findings suggest that caregivers' values may have important implications for students' academic thoughts and behaviours, and may be a central target for school staff aiming to improve student outcomes. These results also highlight the need for better understanding of motivational processes--both in terms of socialization and academic outcomes--in under-represented contexts where cultural values around education differ.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Caregivers, Caregiver Attitudes, Values, Student Motivation, Incentives, Attendance, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Comparative Analysis, Correlation, Socialization, Family School Relationship, Suburbs, Measures (Individuals), Path Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ghana