ERIC Number: EJ752467
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Occasional Reinforced Responses during Extinction Can Slow the Rate of Reacquisition of an Operant Response
Woods, Amanda M.; Bouton, Mark E.
Learning and Motivation, v38 n1 p56-74 Feb 2007
Three experiments with rats examined reacquisition of an operant response after either extinction or a response-elimination procedure that included occasional reinforced responses during extinction. In each experiment, reacquisition was slower when response elimination had included occasional reinforced responses, although the effect was especially evident when responding was examined immediately following each response-reinforcer pairing during reacquisition (Experiments 2 and 3). An extinction procedure with added noncontingent reinforcers also slowed reacquisition (Experiment 3). The results are consistent with research in classical conditioning (Bouton, M. E., Woods, A. M., & Pineno, O. (2004). Occasional reinforced trials during extinction can slow the rate of rapid reacquisition. "Learning & Motivation," 35, 371-390) and suggest that rapid reacquisition after extinction is analogous to a renewal effect that occurs when reinforced responses signal a return to the conditioning context. Clinical implications are also discussed.
Descriptors: Classical Conditioning, Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, Animals, Learning Processes, Contingency Management, Science Experiments, Recall (Psychology), Cues
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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