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ERIC Number: EJ1035796
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0273-5024
An Application of the Expectancy-Value Model to Understand Adolescents' Performance and Engagement in Physical Education
Yli-Piipari, Sami; Kokkonen, Juha
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, v33 n2 p250-268 Apr 2014
The study examined the role of motivation in students' performance and engagement in elementary and middle school physical education. Cross-lagged relationships between performance and engagement were investigated across Grades 6-9. A total of 763 (365 girls, 398 boys) Finnish school students (11- to 12-year old) were followed across three years. Students' expectancy beliefs, attainment, intrinsic interest, utility value, and effort were measured using self-report questionnaires, whereas grades were retrieved from the school records. The study showed expectancy beliefs and intrinsic interest values to explain performance, whereas attainment values for girls and intrinsic interest value for boys facilitated the engagement. Although girls and boys were differently motivated, these differences were stable across time. This study supports the utility of the Expectancy-Values Model as a framework to understand motivation. We recommend educators to facilitate students' expectancy beliefs, importance, and intrinsic interest to increase students' performance and engagement in school physical education.
Human Kinetics, Inc. 1607 North Market Street, Champaign, IL 61820. Tel: 800-474-4457; Fax: 217-351-1549; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland