ERIC Number: EJ956228
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
"Exercise Dependence"--A Problem or Natural Result of High Activity?
Phelan, Suzanne; Bond, Dale S.; Lang, Wei; Jordan, Dustin; Wing, Rena R.
American Journal of Health Behavior, v35 n6 p726-733 Nov 2011
Objectives: To compare physical activity (PA) and exercise dependence (ED) in 267 weight-loss maintainers (WLM) and 213 normal-weight (NW) controls. Methods: PA and ED assessed via accelerometery and the Exercise Dependence Questionnaire. Results: WLM had higher PA levels and ED scores than those of NW (P less than 0.0001). WLM status (P = 0.006) and higher PA (P = 0.0001) were independently related to higher ED, although effect sizes were larger for PA. Exercising for weight control was the ED domain that most discriminated WLM from NW. Conclusions: WLM have higher ED scores than do NW, but this is mostly due to exercising for weight control.
Descriptors: Exercise, Effect Size, Physical Activity Level, Comparative Analysis, Body Weight, Control Groups, Questionnaires, Scores, Health Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A