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Ogden, Russel D. – Death Studies, 2010
In response to the general prohibition of euthanasia and assisted suicide, some right-to-die activists have developed non-medical methods to covertly hasten death. One such method is a "debreather," a closed system breathing device that laypersons can use to induce hypoxia for persons seeking euthanasia or assisted suicide. This article presents…
Descriptors: Social Attitudes, Health Personnel, Suicide, Death
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Jansen-van der Weide, Marijke C.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; van der Heide, Agnes; van der Wal, Gerrit – Death Studies, 2009
This study investigated the impact of a visit from a consulting physician on the patient and the relatives during the euthanasia procedure in The Netherlands. Data on experiences with the consultant's visit were collected from 86 relatives and 3,614 general practitioners, who described their most recent request for euthanasia or physician-assisted…
Descriptors: Physicians, Death, Suicide, Patients
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Georges, Jean-Jacques; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; Muller, Martien T.; van der Wal, Gerrit; van der Heide, Agnes; van der Maas, Paul J. – Death Studies, 2007
This study used retrospective interviews with 87 relatives to describe the experiences of patients who died by euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (EAS) in the Netherlands. Most of the patients suffered from cancer (85%). The relatives were most often a partner (63%) or a child (28%) of the patient. Before explicitly requesting EAS most…
Descriptors: Patients, Terminal Illness, Experience, Suicide
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Rurup, Mette L.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; van der Wal, Gerrit; van der Heide, Agnes; van Der Maas, Paul J. – Death Studies, 2005
In the Netherlands there has been ongoing debate in the past 10 years about the availability of a hypothetical "suicide pill", with which older people could end their life in a dignified way if they so wished. Data on attitudes to the suicide pill were collected in the Netherlands from 410 physicians, 1,379 members of the general…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Patients, Physicians, Suicide
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Mackelprang, Romel W.; Mackelprang, Romel D. – Social Work, 2005
End-of-life circumstances have changed dramatically in recent years. In the past century life expectancy has increased by 62 percent and people are living longer with chronic illness. This article discusses evolving health practices and policies in end-of-life decisions. Treatments to prolong life and provide comfort, and interventions that hasten…
Descriptors: Social Work, Chronic Illness, Death, Ethics
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Rice, Virginia Hill; And Others – Nursing Outlook, 1997
Discusses ethical issues surrounding health care for independent elders, those in long-term care, and those with cognitive impairments, as well as death, dying, euthanasia, and assisted suicide. Suggests that nurses should focus on older adults' choice, autonomy, and personal control. (SK)
Descriptors: Alzheimers Disease, Death, Ethics, Euthanasia
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Albright, Dianne E.; Hazler, Richard J. – Counseling and Values, 1992
Euthanasia is considered an important social issue of the 1990s. Mental health professionals should understand the differences between voluntary, involuntary, passive, and active euthanasia; mercy killing, and assisted suicide. Encourages counselors to ethically formulate client-supportive positions to help clients face life-and-death decisions.…
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Counselor Attitudes, Counselor Training, Death
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Kastenbaum, Robert – Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 1993
Presents interview with Dame Cicely Saunders, founder of international hospice care movement. Saunders describes her background and experiences that led her to form the hospice movement and discusses the need for pain control for terminally ill patients. Saunders also notes her opposition to euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. (NB)
Descriptors: Cancer, Death, Helping Relationship, Hospices (Terminal Care)
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Hendin, Herbert – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 1995
A study illustrates how legal sanction promotes a culture that transforms suicide into assisted suicide and encourages choosing death when faced with serious illness. The question of extending legal euthanasia to those not physically ill complicates the issue. Also, doctors may feel they can end a terminally-ill patient's life without consent.…
Descriptors: Civil Law, Euthanasia, Grief, Higher Education
Jacobs, Douglas G., Ed. – 1999
Written by several experts, this multidimensional compendium of current research and thought provides a hands-on guide for psychiatrists, psychotherapists, primary care physicians, counselors, and other professionals faced with the need to assess risk and relate to potentially suicidal clients. Part 1, "Assessment," includes two…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Counseling Techniques, Intervention, Medical Evaluation
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Margalith, Ilana; Musgrave, Catherine F.; Goldschmidt, Lydia – Journal of Nursing Education, 2003
A survey of 190 Israeli nursing students found that just over half were opposed to legalization of physician-assisted dying. Exposure to theory about euthanasia or clinical oncology experience had a small effect on these attitudes. Religious beliefs and degree of religiosity were significant determinants of these attitudes. (Contains 23…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Death, Educational Attainment, Foreign Countries
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Whitney, Simon N.; Brown, Byron W.; Brody, Howard; Alcser, Kirsten H.; Bachman, Jerald G.; Greely, Henry T. – Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2001
Ascertained the views of physicians and physician leaders toward legalization of physician-assisted suicide. Results indicated members of AMA House of Delegates strongly oppose physician-assisted suicide, but rank-and-file physicians show no consensus either for or against its legalization. Although the debate is adversarial, most physicians are…
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Beliefs, Bioethics, Death
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Lester, David; Leenaars, Antoon A. – Death Studies, 1996
Debates the question of suicide as a defensible choice, particularly for the terminally ill, examining the relevance of such issues as the mortality, rationality, and dynamics of the suicidal act, and the legitimacy of physician-assisted suicide. Contrasting perspectives are articulated by two prominent suicidologists as a spur to the reader's…
Descriptors: Adults, Behavior Disorders, Death, Ethics
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Humphry, Derek – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 1992
Contends that old age, in and of itself, should never need to be a cause for self-destruction. Further argues that suicide and assisted suicide carried out in the face of terminal illness causing unbearable suffering should be ethically and legally acceptable. Outlines a perspective on rational suicide among the elderly. (Author/NB)
Descriptors: Death, Decision Making, Euthanasia, Older Adults
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Callahan, Jay – Health & Social Work, 1994
From social work perspective, considers ethics of assisted suicide. Discusses traditional social work value of client self-determination and identifies tensions in this ideal and conflicts with value of client well-being. Finds assisted suicide unethical, arguing that studies have shown judgment of most suicidal people to be impaired as result of…
Descriptors: Client Characteristics (Human Services), Depression (Psychology), Ethics, Euthanasia
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