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Roos, Sanna; Hodges, Ernest V. E.; Salmivalli, Christina – Developmental Psychology, 2014
In this short-term longitudinal study, we systematically examined the distinctiveness of guilt- and shame-proneness in early adolescents (N = 395, mean age = 11.8 years) in terms of differential relations with peer reported prosocial behavior, withdrawal, and aggression. Results from structural equation modeling indicated that guilt-proneness…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Predictor Variables, Prosocial Behavior, Aggression
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace – Grantee Submission, 2019
We investigated 2 hypotheses of a recently proposed integrative theoretical model of reading, the direct and indirect effects model of reading (DIER; Kim, 2017b, 2019): (a) hierarchical relations and (b) dynamic relations (or differential relations) of skills to reading comprehension. Students were assessed on reading comprehension, word reading,…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Cognitive Ability, Reading Comprehension, Reading Instruction
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Zhang, Dongbo – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study examined the similarities and differences in the functioning of component processes underlying first language (L1) and second language (L2) word reading in Chinese. Fourth-grade Chinese children in Singapore were divided into L1 and L2 reader groups based on whether they used Mandarin or English as their home language. Both groups were…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, English, Language Usage, Second Language Learning
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Kan, Adnan; Bulut, Okan – International Journal of Testing, 2014
This study investigated whether the linguistic complexity of items leads to gender differential item functioning (DIF) on mathematics assessments. Two forms of a mathematics test were developed. The first form consisted of algebra items based on mathematical expressions, terms, and equations. In the second form, the same items were written as word…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Test Bias, Difficulty Level, Test Items
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Street, Karin Elisabeth Sørlie; Malmberg, Lars-Erik; Stylianides, Gabriel J. – ZDM: The International Journal on Mathematics Education, 2017
Students' self-efficacy expectations (SEE) in mathematics are associated with their engagement and learning experiences. Going beyond previous operationalisations of SEE we propose a new instrument that takes into account not only "facet-specificity" (expectations related to particular competences or skills) and "strength"…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Mathematics Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Performance Based Assessment
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Pinxten, Maarten; Marsh, Herbert W.; De Fraine, Bieke; Van Den Noortgate, Wim; Van Damme, Jan – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Background: The multidimensionality of the academic self-concept in terms of domain specificity has been well established in previous studies, whereas its multidimensionality in terms of motivational functions (the so-called affect-competence separation) needs further examination. Aim: This study aims at exploring differential effects of enjoyment…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Competence, Self Concept, Mathematics Achievement
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Spencer, Mercedes; Muse, Andrea; Wagner, Richard K.; Foorman, Barbara; Petscher, Yaacov; Schatschneider, Christopher; Tighe, Elizabeth L.; Bishop, M. Denise – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2015
We report results from two studies on the underlying dimensions of morphological awareness and vocabulary knowledge in elementary-aged children. In Study 1, 99 fourth-grade students were given multiple measures of morphological awareness and vocabulary. A single factor accounted for individual differences in all morphology and vocabulary…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Intermediate Grades, Grade 4, Middle School Students