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Ngu, Bing Hiong; Phan, Huy Phuong – Pedagogies: An International Journal, 2016
We examined the use of balance and inverse methods in equation solving. The main difference between the balance and inverse methods lies in the operational line (e.g. +2 on both sides vs -2 becomes +2). Differential element interactivity favours the inverse method because the interaction between elements occurs on both sides of the equation for…
Descriptors: Equations (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Roos, Sanna; Hodges, Ernest V. E.; Salmivalli, Christina – Developmental Psychology, 2014
In this short-term longitudinal study, we systematically examined the distinctiveness of guilt- and shame-proneness in early adolescents (N = 395, mean age = 11.8 years) in terms of differential relations with peer reported prosocial behavior, withdrawal, and aggression. Results from structural equation modeling indicated that guilt-proneness…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Predictor Variables, Prosocial Behavior, Aggression
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Lietaert, Sofie; Roorda, Debora; Laevers, Ferre; Verschueren, Karine; De Fraine, Bieke – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Background: The gender gap in education in favour of girls is a widely known phenomenon. Boys generally have higher dropout rates, obtain lower grades, and show lower engagement. Insight into factors related to these academic outcomes could help to address the gender gap. Aims: This study investigated, for Dutch language classes, (1) how boys and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Learner Engagement, Indo European Languages, Student Behavior
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Pinxten, Maarten; Marsh, Herbert W.; De Fraine, Bieke; Van Den Noortgate, Wim; Van Damme, Jan – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Background: The multidimensionality of the academic self-concept in terms of domain specificity has been well established in previous studies, whereas its multidimensionality in terms of motivational functions (the so-called affect-competence separation) needs further examination. Aim: This study aims at exploring differential effects of enjoyment…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Competence, Self Concept, Mathematics Achievement
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Nagengast, Benjamin; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Parada, Roberto H.; Craven, Rhonda G.; Hamilton, Linda R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2011
Existing research posits multiple dimensions of bullying and victimization but has not identified well-differentiated facets of these constructs that meet standards of good measurement: goodness of fit, measurement invariance, lack of differential item functioning, and well-differentiated factors that are not so highly correlated as to detract…
Descriptors: Locus of Control, Test Bias, Bullying, Structural Equation Models
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Sharkey, Jill D.; You, Sukkyung; Schnoebelen, Katrina – Psychology in the Schools, 2008
Given the importance of student engagement for healthy outcomes, research needs to investigate whether school-based assets promote student engagement beyond individual and family influences. Unfortunately, such research has been limited by a lack of valid instrumentation. After examining the psychometrics of the California Healthy Kids Survey…
Descriptors: Research Needs, Structural Equation Models, Academic Achievement, Risk
Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G. – Education Working Paper Archive, 2007
Substantial uncertainty exists about the impact of school quality on the black-white achievement gap. Our results, based on both Texas Schools Project (TSP) administrative data and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey (ECLS), differ noticeably from other recent analyses of the black-white achievement gap by providing strong evidence that…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Racial Differences, African American Students