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Pinxten, Maarten; Marsh, Herbert W.; De Fraine, Bieke; Van Den Noortgate, Wim; Van Damme, Jan – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Background: The multidimensionality of the academic self-concept in terms of domain specificity has been well established in previous studies, whereas its multidimensionality in terms of motivational functions (the so-called affect-competence separation) needs further examination. Aim: This study aims at exploring differential effects of enjoyment…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Competence, Self Concept, Mathematics Achievement
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Pfost, Maximilian; Dorfler, Tobias; Artelt, Cordula – Journal of Research in Reading, 2012
According to the Matthew effect model, interindividual differences in reading competence between poor and normal readers should become wider as students grow older. The second part of the model assumes that these differential pathways are mainly attributable to differential reading activities. The purpose of this study is to examine whether both…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Nyroos, Mikaela; Korhonen, Johan; Linnanmäki, Karin; Svens-Liavåg, Camilla – Education Inquiry, 2012
The education systems in Sweden and Finland have different formal and informal testing traditions. A recognised possible adverse effect of testing is test anxiety among pupils and students which may have a negative impact on examination performance. Research into which factors of testing practice affect the levels of test anxiety in younger pupils…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Test Anxiety, Grade 3, Elementary School Students
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Fontaine, Reid Griffith; Yang, Chongming; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Pettit, Gregory S.; Bates, John E. – Developmental Psychology, 2009
Using longitudinal data on 585 youths (48% female; 17% African American, 2% other ethnic minority), the authors examined the development of social response evaluation and decision (RED) across childhood (Study 1; kindergarten through Grade 3) and adolescence (Study 2; Grades 8 and 11). Participants completed hypothetical-vignette-based RED…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Structural Equation Models, Response Style (Tests), Academic Achievement
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Leong, Che Kan; Tse, Shek Kam; Loh, Ka Yee; Hau, Kit Tai – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2008
The present study examined the role of verbal working memory (memory span, tongue twister), 2-character Chinese pseudoword reading, rapid automatized naming (letters, numbers), and phonological segmentation (deletion of rimes and onsets) in inferential text comprehension in Chinese in 518 Chinese children in Hong Kong in Grades 3 to 5. It was…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Structural Equation Models, Memory, Foreign Countries
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Wise, Justin C.; Sevcik, Rose A.; Morris, Robin D.; Lovett, Maureen W.; Wolf, Maryanne – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2007
Purpose: Some researchers (F. R. Vellutino, F. M. Scanlon, & M. S. Tanzman, 1994) have argued that the different domains comprising language (e.g., phonology, semantics, and grammar) may influence reading development in a differential manner and at different developmental periods. The purpose of this study was to examine proposed causal…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Reading Comprehension, Oral Language, Language Skills
Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G. – Education Working Paper Archive, 2007
Substantial uncertainty exists about the impact of school quality on the black-white achievement gap. Our results, based on both Texas Schools Project (TSP) administrative data and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey (ECLS), differ noticeably from other recent analyses of the black-white achievement gap by providing strong evidence that…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Racial Differences, African American Students
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Wu, Wei; West, Stephen G. – Multivariate Behavioral Research, 2010
This study investigated the sensitivity of fit indices to model misspecification in within-individual covariance structure, between-individual covariance structure, and marginal mean structure in growth curve models. Five commonly used fit indices were examined, including the likelihood ratio test statistic, root mean square error of…
Descriptors: Goodness of Fit, Computation, Statistical Analysis, Structural Equation Models